E86: Turrbal

AIATSIS code: 
E86
AIATSIS reference name: 
Turrbal

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
Thurawal (Turrubul)
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jagara (Turubul), Undanbi (Turrubul)
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Jagarabal (['jagara] = no), Jergarbal, Yagara, Yaggara, Yuggara, Yugg-ari, Yackarabul, Turubul (language name), Turrbal, Turrubul, Turrubal, Terabul, Tor-bul, Turibul, Yerongban, Yeronghan, Ninghi, Yerongpan, Biriin (see explanation under Jukambe) for Jagara. Undumbi (['dan] = man), Oondumbi, Mooloola (name of a river), Turrubul (language name), Turrbul, Churrabool, Djindubari (horde on Bribie Island), Djuadu-bari, Jooaduburrie, Bo-oobera, Dippil (language term applied to this and sometimes to the Kabikabi tribes people-a general term in southeastern Queensland.) for Undanbi.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
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Other sources
Turrbul, Turubul, Turrabul, Toorbal, Tarabul [Watson 1943]
Synonyms
Turrbal, Thurawal, Turrubul, Durubulic, Jagara, Undanbi, Turrbul, Turrabul, Toorbal, Tarabul, Jagarabal, Jergarbal, Yagara, Yaggara, Yuggara, Yugg ari, Yackarabul, Turrbal, Turrubal, Terabul, Tor bul, Turibul, Yerongban, Yeronghan, Ninghi, Yerongpan, Biriin for Jagara, Undumbi, Oondumbi, Mooloola, Churrabool, Djindubari, Djuadu bari, Jooaduburrie, Bo oobera, Dippil for Undanbi
Comment
Comments: 
The status of Turrbal is not clear. Sharpe (2007 p.c.) says Turubul and Yakara E23 could be dialects of the same language or they may refer to one and the same language. Watson (1943:4-5) treats Tarabul (E86) as a group name for speakers of Yugarabul E66. Tindale treats Turubul as a language name which is spoken by Jagara E23 and Undanbi E94. Further, Steele (1984) treats Yuggera E23 as a language group which includes Yuggera, Turrbal (E86), Jandai E19 and Gowar E26 languages. Analysis of data available on these languages is required to determine whether Turubul is a separate language/dialect and whether they are related dialects or languages. For now this database treats Jagara E23, Turubul, Guwar E26, and Jandai E19 as closely related languages. There is a small word list by Jackson (1937).
References: 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Jackson, George Kenneth. 1937. Turubul tribe vocabulary. PMS 5354.
  • Steele, John. 1984. Aboriginal pathways in southeast Queensland and the Richmond River. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press
  • Watson, F. J. 1943. Vocabularies of four representative tribes of south eastern Queensland, with grammatical notes thereof and some notes on manners and customs; also a list of Aboriginal place names and their derivations. Brisbane: Royal Geographical Society of Australasia.
  • .
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Tarabul group of the Yugarabul tribe, whose territory included the site of the City of Brisbane. (Watson 1943) On the Brisbane River (Ridley 1866). The Turrbal langauge was spoken as far inland as Gold Creek or Moggill, as far north as North Pine, and south to the Logan (Steele 1984:121).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuin Thurawal (Turrubul)
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Turubul (or Turrbal) Yagara further dialects: Turubul (or Turrbal), Janday, Moonjan
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)