L38: Kungkari

AIATSIS code: 
L38
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kungkari

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Kuungkari
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Kuungkari
Thesaurus heading language
Kungkari language L38
Thesaurus heading (old)
Kungkari / Gunggari language (L38) (Qld SG55-01)
Tindale (1974)
Koonkerri, Kunggari, Kungeri, Koongerri, Torra-burri (horde), Yankibura (horde), Yangeeberra, Mokaburra (horde), Tarawalla (name given to eastern dialect).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Koonkerri, Kungeri, Koongerri, Yangeberra, Yankibura
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Kuungkari, Gungari, Koongerri, Yangeeberra, Koonkerri, Kungeri, Yangeberra, Yankibura, Guunggari, Gunggari, Kunggari, Torra burri, Mokaburra, Tarawalla
Comment
Comments: 
Bowern (2001:247) mentions Kungkari as a possible Karnic language. Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:324) report that a description of Kungkari by Breen (1990:22-64) is of Kungkari, not the similarly-named Gunggari D37.
References: 
  • Bowern, Claire. 2001. Karnic classification revisited. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, eds Jane Simpson, et al., 245-261. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Breen, Gavan. 1990. Salvage studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal languages: Pacific Linguistics B-105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Dixon, R.M.W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
lower Barcoo and Thomson rivers, as in Tindale (Breen 1990:22). On Thomson and Cooper (Barcoo) rivers west to Jundah; north to Westland and near Longreach; east to Avington, Blackall, and Terrick Terrick; south on the western flank of the Grey Range to Cheviot Range, Powell Creek, and Welford (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates0
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSketch grammar (less than 100 pages)2
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Gavan, Breen. 1990. Salvage studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal languages: Pacific Linguistics B105. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPKungkari/Pirriya groupKungkariKungkari possible further dialect: Gungadidji
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricGunggari
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricKapuGunggari
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricKapuGuunggari
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKuungkari