L8: Malyangapa

AIATSIS code: 
L8
AIATSIS reference name: 
Malyangapa

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Malyangaba
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Maljangapa
Thesaurus heading language
Malyangapa language L8
Thesaurus heading (old)
Malyangapa / Malyangaba language (L8) (NSW SH54-11)
Tindale (1974)
Maljangaba, Malya-napa, Mulya-napa, Mulya-nappa, Milya-uppa, Mullia-arpa, Muliaarpa, Malynapa, Malja:pa, Malyapa, Maljangaba, Nalyanapa (perhaps typographical error), Malgangara (? lapsus calami), Karikari (['kari] = yes), Bulalli, Bulali (means 'Hill People'; ['bula] = hill, a general term).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Malyangapa, Maljangaba, Maljangapa, Malyanapa, Mulyanapa, Mulyanappa, Milyauppa, Muliaarpa, Malynapa, Malyapa, Nalyanapa, Multyerra
Glottocode
-
Other sources
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Synonyms
Maljangapa, Malyangaba, Ngurunta, Bulali, Bulalli, Karikari, Malgaaljangaba, Malja:pa, Maljanapa, Maljangaba, Malya napa, Malyanapa, Malyapa, Malynapa, Milya uppa, Milyauppa, Muliaarpa, Mullia arpa, Multyerra, Mulya napa, Mulya nappa, Mulyanapa, Mulyanappa, Nalyanapa, Malgangara
Comment
Comments: 
Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:303) mention an unpublished manuscript on Malynagapa grammar by Austin (1978). This material is not incorporated in the documentation score. Tindale (1974) says that in his earlier work he included Ngurunta L65 within Maljangapa (L8), but in his 1974 work, he makes a distinction between the two. He says that the survivors of Ngurunta resided with Maljanjapa in post-European times. Further, Tindale says that both Wanjiwalku D21 people and Maljangapa people speak the same language, Wanjiwalku. According to Hercus and Austin (2004), however, Malyangapa had their own language. Wadigali L12 may be a dialect of Malyangapa, as reported by Capell (1963) and Oates (1975), both based on Wurm who uses the word 'probably' in describign this relationship. Beckett, Hercus and Martin (2008) say Wadikali L12 is part of the 'closely-knit subgroup of Yarli languages' but they do not mention dialect status. The Mobile Language Team web site locates Wadigali to the 'north of the closely related language / dialect Malyangapa'. Yardliyawara L7 is another potential dialect of Malyangapa, though Hercus and Austin (2004) only say that Yardliyawara and Malyangapa are 'close'.
References: 
  • Austin, Peter. 1978. Outlines of a sketch grammar of the Maljangaba language of western N.S.W. Premilinary draft, April 1978, based on field notes and tape recordings collected by S. A. Wurm in 1957 (unpublished manuscript).
  • Beckett, Jeremy, Luise Hercus & Sarah Martin. 2008. Mutawintji: Aboriginal cultural association with Mutawintji National Park.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Hercus, Luise. 1999. A grammar of the Wirangu language from the West Coast of South Australia: Pacific Linguistics C-150. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Hercus, Luise, and Peter Austin. 2004. The Yarli languages. In Australian languages: classification and the comparative method, eds Claire Bowern and Harold Koch, 207-222. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Mobile Language Team. <http://www.mobilelanguageteam.com.au/languages/wadigali>, viewed 12 May 2016.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
Maljangapa: Milparinka, N.S.W., and head of Yancannie Creek; east to beyond Mount Arrowsmith, south to about Mootwin-gee and Sturt Meadow (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Luise Hercus, Peter Austin, Stephen Wurm
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPMaljangapaMaljangapa further dialects: Yardliyawara, Wardikali
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicYarliMalyangaba
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicNguraMaljangaba
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericYalyiMalyangapa
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganDiericYalyiMaljangapa