S2: Ramindjeri

AIATSIS code: 
S2
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ramindjeri

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Ngarrindjeri (Ramindjeri)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Ramindjeri
Thesaurus heading language
Ramindjeri language S2
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ramindjeri language (S2) (SA SI54-13)
Tindale (1974)
Raminjeri (valid alternative), Rormear, Ramong, Raminyeri, Ramindjerar, Ramingara (g to be read as dj) Wirramu-mejo (Kaurna term), Tarbanawalun (Jarildekald term), Narrinyeri part (Black, 1917).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ramong, Raminyeri, Ramindjerar, Ramingara, Tarbanawalun,
Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Ngarrindjeri, Jarildukald, Meintangk, Pirtulun, Tanganukald, Warki, Ramindjerar, Ramingara, Raminyeri, Ramong, Tarbanawulun, Tarbanawalun, Ramindjari, Raminjeri, Rormear, Wirramu mejo, Narrinyeri part
Comment
Comments: 
The Mobile Language Team describes Ramindjeri as a dialect of Ngarrindjeri S69, possibly based on McDonald (2002:14) who indicates that Taplin's (1873) grammar appears to have drawn heavily on Meyer's (1843) grammar on Ramindjeri. Tindale (1941:242) describes Ramindjeri as so close to Yaraldi S8 that its distinct status is questionable; McDonald (2002:3) reports that a Ngarrindjeri speaker considered it to be part of Tangani S11.
References: 
  • McDonald, Maryalyce. 2002. A study of the phonetics and phonology of Yaraldi and associated dialects. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Meyer, Heinrich Augustus Edward. 1843. Vocabulary of the language spoken by the Aborigines of the southern and eastern portions of the settled districts of South Australia, viz, by the tribes in the vicinity of Encounter Bay - preceded by a grammar. Adelaide: James Allen.
  • Taplin, George. 1879. Grammar of the language spoken by the Narrinyeri tribe in South Australia. In The folklore, manners, customs, and languages of the South Australian Aborigines, ed. George Taplin. Adelaide: Government Printer.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1941. Native songs of the south-east of South Australia : part II. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, vol. 65, pp. 233-243. (RS 50/8)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
Location information: 
At Encounter Bay; west to Tunkalilla, east of Cape Jervis, Mount Hayfield and Inman valley; east to Middleton, thence across to Goolwa and Currency Creek; not along coast sandhills east of Middleton (Tindale 1974). East of Cape Jervis; Encounter Bay (Ramong); Victor Harbor (Pultang); Port Elliot; Middleton; Goolwa and Currency Creek; Mount Hayfield and Inman Valley; Hindmarsh Valley; Tunkalilla etc (Mobile Language Team).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Meyer, Heinrich. 1843. Vocabulary of the language spoken by the Aborigines of the southern and eastern portions of the settled districts of South Australia, viz., by the tribes in the vicinity of Encounter Bay - preceded by a grammar. Adelaide: James Allen.

Taplin, George. 1878. Grammar of the Narrinyeri tribe of Australian Aborigines. Adelaide: W C Cox, Government Printer.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) LOWER MURRAY AREAL GROUP Ramindjeri Yaralde (or Yaralde Tingar; or Ngarrindjeri or Narrinyeri) Meyer (1843), Cerin (1994) further dialects include: Tangane, Ramindjeri
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Ngarinyeric-Yithayithic Raminyeri Ngarinyeri (Narrinyeri) [dialects: Warki, Tanganalun, Meinta:ngk, Raminyeri, Portawulun, Yaraldi]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Narrinyeric Korni Ramindjari
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Narrinyeric Korni Ramindjeri (Danganararumindjeri)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Narrinyeric Korni Ramindjeri