S27: Jardwadjali^

AIATSIS code: 
S27
AIATSIS reference name: 
Jardwadjali^

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Jardwadjali
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jaadwa
Thesaurus heading language
Jardwadjali language S27
Thesaurus heading (old)
Jardwadjali language (S27) (Vic SJ54-03)
Tindale (1974)
Ja:rewe, Mukja:dwen, Yardwa-tyalli (['jaadwa] and ['ngalanja] in southern hordes = no), Yartwur, Yarawain, Mukjarawaint, Ngengenwuru, Ngenngen-wurro, Nandatjali (language name ['nanda] = good, ['jali] = speech), Nundatyalli, Knindowurrong (i.e., clear speakers, term claimed by several tribes), Knindowurong, Knenkorenwurro, Knen-knen-wurrong, Kneu-Kneu-wurro (misprint), Milang-burn, Djappuminyou (a horde); Djappuninyou (typographical error), (kuli = name for man), Dallundeer (of Wembawemba), Bulukwuro (horde at Lake Buloke), Boolucburer, Portbulluc (horde at Mount Zero), Morton Plains tribe, Brapkut (name of speech of southern hordes), Murra-murra-barap (horde at Glenorchy).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yardwa-tyalli, Knindowurrong, Djappuminyon
Glottocode
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Other sources
Yartwur, Yardwa-tyalli (yardwa = no tyalli = speech or language), Yardwa tyalli, Yardwatyalli, wagwa-tyalli, (yagwa = no, tyalli = tongue), Yagwa tyalli, Yappa-yappa-dyalli, Yarawain, Ja:rewe, Ja:dwe, Jadwe, Jardwa, Jardwee, Jaadwa, Jawaa, Jadwee, Yaity people, Yaitch language, Nurndar dialect, Nundatyalli (according to Mathews a southern dialect name; Druah = man, grammatical construction partly resembles the Bungandity & partly the Tyattyalli), Nunda nunda tyalli, Nunda-tyalli, Nandatjali (according to Tindale 1974 means 'good speech, tongue or language), Mukja:dwen, Mukjarawaint (muk = short, considered a southern group of Wotjobaluk by Tindale 1974 and a alt/var of Jaadwa), Mukjaranaint (mitranscription), Mukjarravaint, Muk-jarawaint (considered a section of Wotjobaluk by Massola 1969c), Muk jara-weint (branch of the Wotjoballiuk according to Howitt Papers SLV), Mukjarrawaint, Unk Jarawaint, Mukjaraivant, Mukjarawamt, Mokepille (Mukpilli) (according to Cameron to Howitt 1884 an alternative to Mukjarawaint), Brapkut language (according to Tindale 1974 a dialect name of the southern hordes), Richardson River tribe, Richardson Valley blacks, Morton Plains tribe (may be compared to Tatiarra and Mirdiragoort, acc. to Tindale 1974 var/alt for Jaadwa), Lake Wallace & neighbourhood dialect, Lake Wallace tribe (a variant accordig to Tindale), Keribial-barap (a variant according to Tindale), Marditjali (a small tribe but distinct from Jardwa), Madimadi (according to Mulvaney a variant of Marditjali), Marditali, Worangarait (wora = plain country; 'ngarat = to exist in, according to Tindale 1974 a name applied by Bunganditj), Worangarit, Wrangarait, Wintjabarap (according to Tindale a language name applied by western tribes), Mardidjali, Jardwa, Werrumbrook [Clark 1990:254]
Synonyms
Marditjali, Djadjawuru, Djadjawurung, Djappuminyon, Djendjuwuru, Ja jow er ong, Jaara, Jaburara, Jaburara ngaluma, Jajaorong, Jajaurung, Jajowerang, Jajowerong, Jajowerrong, Jajoworrong, Jajowrong, Jajowrung, Jajowurong, Jajowurrong, Jarjoworong, Jarrung Jarrung, Jurobaluk, Knenknenwurro, Knindowurrong, Konin, Lewurru, Lunyingbirrwurrkgooditch, Madoitja, Marduidji, Milamada, Monulgundeech, Monulgundeedh, Nirababaluk, Nirabaluk, Panyod, Pilawin, Tarra, Tarrang, Tjedjuwuru, Tyeddyuwurru, Wainawonga, Waula, Yaara, Yabola, Yang, Yardwa tyalli, Yarrayowurro, Yaura, Yayauring, Yayaurung, Jardwa, Jaadwa, Yaadwa, Yartwur, Yardwatyalli, wagwa tyalli, Yagwa tyalli, Yappa yappa dyalli, Yarawain, Ja:rewe, Ja:dwe, Jadwe, Jardwee, Jawaa, Jadwee, Yaity people, Yaitch language, Nurndar dialect, Nundatyalli, Nunda nunda tyalli, Nunda tyalli, Nandatjali, Mukja:dwen, Mukjarawaint, Mukjaranaint, Mukjarravaint, Muk jarawaint, Muk jara weint, Mukjarrawaint, Unk Jarawaint, Mukjaraivant, Mukjarawamt, Mokepille, Brapkut language, Richardson River tribe, Richardson Valley blacks, Morton Plains tribe, Lake Wallace & neighbourhood dialect, Lake Wallace tribe, Keribial barap, Madimadi, Marditali, Worangarait, Worangarit, Wrangarait, Wintjabarap, Mardidjali, Werrumbrook, Ngengenwuru, Ngenngen wurro, Knindowurong, Knenkorenwurro, Knen knen wurrong, Kneu Kneu wurro, Milang burn, Djappuminyou; Djappuninyou, Dallundeer, Bulukwuro, Boolucburer, Portbulluc, Brapkut, Murra murra barap
Comment
Comments: 
Oates (1975) says Jardwa (S27) is included in Djadjawurung S31.1 by Wurm. Clark (1990:236) says that Mathews' notes suggest three dialects: the southern dialect, Nundadjali S87; the Horsham dialect, Jabbadjali / Yardwadjali (S27); and the Lake Buloke dialect, Jagwadjali S84. Clark goes on to discuss the uncertain status of Mardidjali S16, meaning 'abrupt' or 'hard to understand' speech, which he says is probably a 'dialect of Jardwadjali or possibly Wergaia S27' (p. 237). In his later work, Clark (2005:14) includes all four varieties - Jardwadjali, Nundadjali, Jagwadjali and Mardidjali - as dialects of the same language, which he terms Jardwadjali (thus using Jardwadjali as both language and dialect name).
References: 
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
VIC
Location information: 
Nothing in AUSTLANG.
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinYaadwaWemba Wemba [dialects: Wemba Wemba, Watiwati, Baraparapa, Wotjobaluk (Wergaia), Warkawarka, Latjilatji, Yariyari, Yaadwa, Yaara, Yugapulk]
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinJardwa
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinJardwa
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganKulinicKulinJardwa