S36: Woiwurrung

AIATSIS Code: 
S36
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Woiwurrung

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Woiworung
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Wurundjeri
Thesaurus heading
Woiwurrung / Wurundjeri / Woiwurung language (S36) (Vic SJ55-05)
Tindale (1974)
Wurunjeri, Wurunjerri, Urunjeri, Wurunjerri-baluk, Wurrundyirra-baluk, Wurrunjeri, Oorongie (where g is to be taken as dj), Woiworung (language name, a valid alternative; woi = worung = speech), Woiwurung, Woiwurong, Woi-wurrong, Woiwurru (['woi] = no, ['wur:u] = lip), Woewo-rung, Wooeewoorong, Warorong, Warerong, Wairwaioo, Wawoo-rong, Wawoorong, Warwaroo, Waarengbadawa, Wainworra, Wowerong, Wawurong, Wawurrong, Wavoo-rong, Gungung-willam, Ngarukwillam, Kukuruk (name of a northern horde), Mort Noular (language name), Coraloon (corrupt spelling?), Yarra Yarra (Europeanized false name of principal river, the Beireirung, based on misreading of a misinterpretation of an exclamation, 'jan:a, 'it flows'), Yarra Yarra Coolies (kulin = man), Yarra, N' uther Galla, Nuthergalla (['ngatha] = ['juða] = no, Melbourne dialect).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Djadjuwuru, Wurunjeri, Wurrunjeri, Woiwurru, Woiworung, Woeworung, Woeewoorong, Wawurong, Wawoorong, Oorongir, Gunungwillam, Ngarukwillam, Kurunjang, Mortnoular, Woiwurung
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Woi wurrung, Jagger jagger tribe, Jagger Jagger tribe, Dutigalla, Dutagall, Jaga Jaga tribe, Jacky Jacky tribe,, Worworong, Port Phillip tribe, Jacka Jacka tribe, Wave ver rong, Waverong, Waverang, Waworong, Wavorong, Wavarong, Wavererong, Wavoorong, Wawarong, Waoorong, Wa-wo-rong or Port Phillip tribe, Wa-ver-ong, Melbourne dialect, Douta Galla, N'uther Galla, Wooworong, Warworong, Wowoorong, Wawoorong, Waworung, Woovoorong, Wayoerong, Woeworong, Wawaurrong or Yarra Yarra tribe, Waworong, Doutta Galla tribe, N'uther Galla tribe, Yarra Yarra tribe, Melbourne tribe, Bayry-Binip tribe, Yarra tribe, Wooeewoorong, Wawoorong, Wawurrong, Jigga Jigga tribe, Port Phillip blacks, Wa-woorong, Yarra Yarra tribe, Woiworung, Yarra River tribe, Woiwurru, Woeworung, Woeywurong, Woe-wurung, Woewurung, Woey-wurung, Woi wurung, Woi-wurru, Woi worung,, Wawroonong, Woeworun, Woiwoeung tribe, Kukeruk, Coraloon, Warweroo, Woiwuru, Warwaroo, Wairwaioo, Wainworra, Woiwurra, Woiwurong, Woewurong, Woiwurrung, Woi-Wurung, Wuywurrung, Waworong, Wauerong, Wawoorong, Woororong, Woe-wu-rrong, Waewarung,, Woiwurung [Clark 1990:379]
Synonyms
Wuy wurrung
Woiworung
Wurundjeri
Coolies
Coraloon
Djadjuwuru
Gungung willam
Gunungwillam
Kukuruk
Kurunjang
Mort Noular
Mortnoular
Ngarukwillam
Nuthergalla
Oorongie
Oorongir
Urunjeri
Waarengbadawa
Wainworra
Wairwaioo
Warerong
Warorong
Warwaroo
Wavoorong
Wawoo rong
Wawoorong
Wawurong
Wawurrong
Wciwurru
Woeewoorong
Woeewoorung
Woeworung
Woiwurong
Woiwurra
Woiwurrong
Woiwurru
Woiwuru
Woiwurung
Wooeewoorong
Wowerong
Wurrundyirra baluk
Wurrunjeri
Wurunjeri
Wurunjerri
Wurunjerri baluk
Yarra Yarra
Wuywurrung
Woi wurrung
Jagger jagger tribe
Jagger Jagger tribe
Dutigalla
Dutagall
Jaga Jaga tribe
Jacky Jacky tribe
Worworong
Port Phillip tribe
Jacka Jacka tribe
Wave ver rong
Waverong
Waverang
Waworong
Wavorong
Wavarong
Wavererong
Wawarong
Waoorong
Wa wo rong
Wa ver ong
Melbourne dialect
Douta Galla
Nuther Galla
Wooworong
Warworong
Wowoorong
Waworung
Woovoorong
Wayoerong
Woeworong
Wawaurrong
Yarra Yarra tribe
Doutta Galla tribe
Nuther Galla tribe
Melbourne tribe
Bayry Binip tribe
Yarra tribe
Jigga Jigga tribe
Port Phillip blacks
Wa woorong
Yarra River tribe
Woeywurong
Woe wurung
Woewurung
Woey wurung
Woi wurung
Woi wurru
Woi worung
Wawroonong
Woeworun
Woiwoeung tribe
Kukeruk
Warweroo
Woewurong
Woi Wurung
Wauerong
Woororong
Woe wu rrong
Waewarung
Woi wurrong
Woewo rung
Wavoo rong
Yarra Yarra Coolies
Yarra
N uther Galla
Comment
Language comment
According to Blake (1991:31), this is a dialect of the same language as Boonwurrung S35 and Thagungwurrung S37. Blake says the language has no name but he refers it as Woiwurrung (thus using Woiwurrung as both dialect and language name), though he also calls it 'the Melbourne language'. He refers to the people who spoke these dialects as Kulin, noting that this is a narrower use of the term than is usual. Blake (1991:30, 49) also indicates a possible additional dialect in the northern Thagungwurrung area, Ngoorra S83, which he says takes its name from the Ngoora-yilam clan. Blake reports that this dialect is identified by Barwick (1984:125), but says it may simply have been an alternative name for Thagungwurrung. Oates (1975:189) subsumes S36 (Woiwurung in Oates & Oates 1970) under S37 (Daungwurung in Oates & Oates 1970), and assigns Woiwurung as a standard name for S37.
References

Barwick, Diane. 1984. Mapping the past: an atlas of Victorian clans 1835-1904. Pt 1. Aboriginal history, vol. 8, nos 1-2, pp. 100-131. (p BAR)
Blake, Barry. 1991. Woiwurrung, the Melbourne language. In Handbook of Australian languages vol. 4, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 30-122. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Oates, William J. & Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
VIC
Location information
Yarra Valley from the catchment area down to Heidelberg (Wurundjeri-balluk tribe), south of the Yarra valley extending down to Dandenong, Cranbourne and the Koo-wee-rup Swamp (Buluk-wilam tribe), between Mount Macedon and Daylesford (Kunnung-willam baluk tribe), around Bacchus Marsh (Kurung-jang-baluk tribe), land to the west of the Maribyrnong with Sunbury as a centre (Marin0bulluk or Boi-berrit tribe), between Maribyrnong and the Yarra (Kurnaje-berreing tribe) (Blake 1991:46-47). Yarra and Maribynong water sheds, bounded on the north by the Dividing Range from Mt. Bawbaw westward to Mt.William and Mt. Macedon, and on west by the Werribee River, defined by Robinson and Howitt's Kulin informants as the boundary between Woi wurrung and Wada wurrung (Clark 1990:379).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - 0 0 -
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
4
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary) - unclear status
Grammar: 
Blake, Barry. 1991 Woiwurrung: the Melbourne language. In The handbook of Australian languages vol 4. eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 30-122. Oxford University Press.
Dictionary: 
Blake, Barry. 1991 Woiwurrung: the Melbourne language. In The handbook of Australian languages vol 4. eds. RMW Dixon and B Blake, 30-122. Oxford University Press.
Programs
Activities: 
A short documentary by Suzanne Taylor has been made about the Woiwurrung school language lessons being taught by Joy Murphy.
People: 
Barry Blake
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   WEST VICTORIAN AREAL GROUP Kulin subgroup* Wuy-wurrung Wuy-wurrung Blake (1991) further dialects: Bun-wurrung, Dhagung-wurrung
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic   Wuywurrung  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Kulin Wuywurrung Wuywurrung [dialects: Wuywurrung, Bunwurung, Thagawurung]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Kulin Woiwurung (S37)  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Kulin Woiwuru (Taungurong, Daungwurung, Dhaguwuru)  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Kulin Wurundjeri