S53: Dhurga

AIATSIS Code: 
S53
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Dhurga

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Dhurga language
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Yuin (Dhurga)
Ethnologue name
Dhurga
ISO 639-3 code
dhu
Tindale name
Walbanga (Thurga), Thaua (Thurga)
Thesaurus heading
Dhurga language (S53) (NSW SI56-13)
Tindale (1974)
Thurga (language name, based on ['turga] = ['tu:ga] = no; applies also to tribes as far south as Thaua), Thoorga, Bugellimanji (horde), Bargalia (a place name near Moruya), Moruya tribe. Thawa, Thauaira, Thurga (language name applies also to tribes as far north as the Wandandian), Thoorga, Du:rga, Durga, Dhu:rga, Tharawal (of Howitt, 1885:811), Tadera-manji, Guyanagal (lit. southerner), Guyangal-yuin (['uin] == ['juin] = man), Murring (inland term means 'men,' see Wandandian tribe), Katungal (sea people, a general term), Baianga (tomahawk people), Paiendra (error for Paienbra), Paienbera ('tomahawk people,' name applied to inland hordes by southern tribes).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
dhur1239
Other sources
Thurga (Shimidt 1919a, 1919b), O'Grady, V&V 1966, Tindale 1940, 1974), Thoorga (Mathews Ms, 1901c, 1902a), O'Grady, V&V 1966, Tindale (1940), Dhurga (Capell 1970), Wurm (1972), Dhu:rga (Capell 1956, 1963, 1970), Oates (1970), Durga (Capell unpublished grammar, Mathews 1964-1967) [Eades 1976]
Synonyms
Yuin
Djiringanj
Dyirringan
Thaua
Thawa
Walbanga
Wandandian
Thurga
Thoorga
Tindale
Wurm
Dhu:rga
Oates
Durga
Bugellimanji
Bargalia
Moruya tribe
Thauaira
Du:rga
Tharawal
Tadera manji
Guyanagal
Guyangal yuin
Murring
Katungal
Baianga
Paiendra
Paienbera
Comment
Language comment
On linguistic grounds and based on native speaker evidence, Eades (1976) treats Dhurga and Dharawal S59 as two separate languages, though she notes that it is 'impossible to be clear on the situation of dialects' (p. 3, 5). According to Eades (1976:4), the available evidence seems to support Mathews' (1902:58) claim that Dharamba S56 is a dialect of Dhurga, probably a northern dialect. Besold (2012-13:2) comments that, while Dharumba S56 shares pronoun forms and other grammatical features with Dhurga, it is very similar to Dharrawal in terms of lexicon. Eades (1976:5) also suspects that Walbanga S54 was either a dialect of Dhurga, a tribal name, or a mistake.
References

Besold, Jutta. 2012-13. Language Recovery of the New South Wales South Coast Aboriginal Languages. Australian National University, PhD thesis. (R01524 MAR)
Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast: Australian Aboriginal Studies, Research and Regional Studies 8. Canberra: AIAS.
Mathews, Robert Hamilton. 1902. The Thoorga language. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of QLD 17:49-73.
Wafer, Jim & Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NSW
Location information
from the Nowra-Jervis Bay area to wallaga Lake (Eades 1976:5). Dhurga is the language of the Jervis Bay-Ulladulla-Batemans Bay area, extending as far south as Narooma, and possibly as far as Wallaga Lake (Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:107).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- - - - - - - -
Speaker NILS table
- - - -
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
-
Documentation
Document Score: 
6
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (songs) - unclear status
Grammar: 
Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast. Canberra: AIAS.
Dictionary: 
Eades, Diana. 1976. The Dharawal and Dhurga languages of the New South Wales south coast. Canberra: AIAS.
Programs
Activities: 
Ann Nugent developed curriculum materials for school use in 1980. Dhurga has been taught at Broulee Public School for several years and a certificate III Language Course in Dhurga is now offered at Moruya TAFE (21/04/08). The Wagonga Local Aboriginal Land Council will teach the Dhurga Aboriginal language to preschoolers at Wallaga Lake, near Bermagui (07/07/08, ABC website). Tom and Muriel Slockee of the Boomerang Meeting Place, Mogo have been working on language revitalisation and translated the Lord’s Prayer into Dhurga (http://www.bushchurchaid.com.au/Real%20Australian/autumn%202005/Real%20Australian/Koori%20Training%20at%20Mogo.htm, viewed on 15 July 2009).
People: 
Diana Eades, Janet Mathews, Ann Nugent,
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Yuin   Dhurga  
Dixon (2002)   SOUTHERN NEW SOUTH WALES GROUP New South Wales south coast group Dhurga Dhurga possible further dialects: Dharamba, Walbanga
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric   Dhurga  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Dhurga  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Yuin-Kuric Yuin Dhurga  
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)