Y50: Umpithamu

AIATSIS code: 
Y50
AIATSIS reference name: 
Umpithamu

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Umbindhamu
Ethnologue name
Umbindhamu
ISO 639-3 code
umd
Tindale name
Barungguan (Umbindhamu)
Thesaurus heading language
Umpithamu language Y50
Thesaurus heading (old)
Umbindhamu language (Y50) (Qld SD54-08)
Tindale (1974)
Barunguan (typographical error), Baka (Kandju term), Banjigam (Bakanambia term), Jintjingga (native name of a place at mouth of Stewart River), Yintjingga, Njindingga, Umbuigamu (horde), Umbindhamu (horde), Ganganda.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
umbi1243
Other sources
Umpinthamu [Thompson PMS 1825] Uuku Umpithamu [Rigsby 2006 p.c.] Umpithamu [Verstraete 2007 p.c.] Koko Ompindamo (Thomson), Kuuku-Umpinthamu, the Umpila name for the language of whose owner-speakers call it 'Uuk-Umpithamu [Rigsby 2005:133]
Synonyms
Umbindhamu, Jeteneru, Ompindamo, Arummarbin, Dyrlwai, Janggulmbal, Janggurunggu, Yintjinggu, Barungguan, Umpinthamu, Barunguan, Baka, Banjigam, Jintjingga, Yintjingga, Njindingga, Umbuigamu, Ganganda
Comment
Comments: 
Umpithamu was written 'Umbindhamu' by previous researchers (Laycock 1969, Rigsby 1992, Ogilvie 1994, Godman 1993 etc). Members of the Umpithamu language community, Verstraete (2012), Joliy (1991) and others use the spelling 'Umpithamu' (Y50). This database follows that convention. Umbindhamu (Y50) was described as being a 'Lamalamic' language by Laycock (1969:72). However, its classification was later redefined by Rigsby as a language which showed convergence towards the Lamalamic languages (Rimanggudinhma Y195, Morrobolam Y55 and Mbarrumbathama Y136) but retained evidence of a separate genetic lineage (in Godman 1993:18). Verstraete clarifies this convergence in his 2012 discussion about the restructuring of pronominal forms under the influence of intensive contact with the Lamalamic languages.
References: 
  • Godman, Irene. 1993. A sketch grammar of Rimanggudinhma: a language of the Princess Charlotte Bay region of Cape York Peninsula, University of Queensland: BA (Hons). (MS 3585).
  • Jolly, Lesley. 1991. Port Stewart Lamalama women and language (PMS 5456).
  • Laycock, Donald. 1969. Three Lamalamic languages of north Queensland. Papers in Australian Linguistics, no.4. Pacific Linguistics A-17.
  • Ogilvie, Sarah. 1994b. The Morrobalama (Umbuygamu) language of Cape York Peninsula, Australia, Australian National University: MA. (MS 3634).
  • Rigsby, Bruce. 1992. The languages of the Princess Charlotte Bay region. In The language game: papers in memory of Donald C. Laycock, eds Tom Dutton, Malcolm Ross and Darrell Tryon, 353-360. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.f
  • Verstraete, Jean-Christophe. 2012. Contact-induced restructuring of pronominal morphosyntax in Umpithamu (Cape York Pensinsula, Australia). Diachronica. 29(3). 326-358. doi: 10.1075/dia.29.3.03ver
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Goose Swamp, inland and south of Running Creek but also inland and coastal countries to the north (Rigsby 1992:357.). Breakfast Creek region (Thompson PMS 1825). Nesbit River to Port Stewart (Oates 1975:261). Umpithamu belongs to estates around goose Creek and Goose Swamp in the south of Princess Charlotte Bay, as well as estates further north around the Stewart River (see Rigsby 1999 on this discontinuous distribution) (Verstraete 2008: 332).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
Jean-Christophe Verstraete did research as a part of the Emergency Documentation Team Pilot Project (Cape York Peninsula Language Documentation) (2004-2005).
People: 
Bruce Rigsby, Jean-Christophe Verstraete, Lamont West
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS2
2005Estimate2
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
Verstraete, Jean-Christophe. Umpithamu dictionary CD-ROM (test version).
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Paman Umbindhamuic Umbindhamu
Dixon (2002) Umbindhamu (or Umpithamu) Umbindhamu (or Umpithamu)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Paman Umbindhamu
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Paman Lamalamic Umbindhamu
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Lamalamic Umbuygamu Umbindhamu, Yintjinggu
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Lamalamic Umbuykamu Umbindhamu
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)