A12: Wangkatha

AIATSIS code: 
A12
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wangkatha

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Wangkatha
Horton name
Wangkathaa
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
-
Thesaurus heading language
Wangkatha language A12
Thesaurus heading (old)
Wangkatha / Wongatha / Wangkathaa language (A12) (WA SH52-05)
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Wangatja, dialect of The Western Desert language, Wangkathaa, Maduwongga, Ngurlu, Waljen, Wanggaji, Wangkayi, Pindini, Bindinini, Bindunda, Pindiini, Pini, Wangaga, Wanggada, Wonga, Wongai i, Wongaidya, Wongaii, Wonggai, Wonggaii, Wongi, Wonkai, Wanggaji/Wanggayi, Wanggayi
Comment
Comments: 
Wangkatha, Wangkatja A103 and Pindiini A102 are all listed as separate dialects of the Western Desert language A80 in this database but they appear to be very close to each other and hardly distinguishable. According to the WA Handbook, Douglas (1990 p.c.) and Glass (1990 p.c.) point out that Wanggatha from around Mt Margaret and Leonora is different to Wangatja which is spoken at Cundelee and Coonana. Glass also notes that the term Wangkatja is confusing, 'because all the Western Desert speaking Aborigines of the Eastern Goldfields and surrounding desert areas call themselves Wangkatja'. Tindale's Pindiini may be equivalent to Wangkatja A103 or Wangkatha A12 - he lists Wanggada as an alternative name of Pindiini A102. Between Pindiini and Wangkatha, Tindale's map shows two other groups, Murunitja A8 and Tjeraridjal A7, but the validity of these groups is uncertain. Wangatha or Wangkatja A103 may have been spoken there.
References: 
  • Thieberger, Nicholas. 1993. Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal languages south of the Kimberley region: Pacific Linguistics C-124. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
Mt Margaret and Leonora (WA Handbook)
Maps: 
  • Horton, David. 1996. Aboriginal Australia (map). Canberra: AIATSIS.
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Noel Blyth, Kathy Trimmer, Eric Vaszolyi, May O'Brien, Wankanyi Ngurra Tjurta Aboriginal Language Centre
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate200 - 300
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS>200
2005Estimate200
2006Census321

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Less than 20 pages 1
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Vaszolyi, Eric G. 1979. Teach yourself Wangkatja. Perth: Mt Lawley Teachers' College.

Dictionary: 
Wangkanyi Ngurra Tjurta Aboriginal Language Centre. 2002. Wangkatha dictionary. Kalgoorlie, WA: Wangkanyi Ngurra Tjurta Aboriginal Corporation Language Centre.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) Wangkatha, Wangatja (dialect of The Western Desert language). The Western Desert language. dialects: (a) Warnman, (b) Yulparitja, (c) Manjtjiltjara (or Martu Wangka), (d) Kartutjarra, (e) Kukatja, (f) Pintupi, (g) Luritja, (h) Ngaatjatjarr, (i) Ngaanjatjarra, G) Wangkatha, (k) Wangatja, (l) Ngaliya, (m) Pitjantjatjarra, (n) Yankuntjatjarra, (o) Kukarta
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wanggayi
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati/Western Desert Wanggayi
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Western Desert Proper Wati Wanggaji/Wanggayi
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)