A18: Muliara

AIATSIS code: 
A18
AIATSIS reference name: 
Muliara

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Wadjari (Maliara)
Thesaurus heading language
Muliara language A18
Thesaurus heading (old)
Mulyara language (A18) (WA SG50-10)
Tindale (1974)
Baialdju (Widi name), Cheangwa (a place name south of the middle Sanford River), Iirrawad-'ari, Irawadjari, Jamadji (general term for aborigines in contrast with white men-not a tribal term), Kurduwonga, Kurduwongga (see above), Maliara (means 'east' and is merely a directional term applied to some hordes in the Sanford River area), Miliara, Miliarra, Pidong (general term of disrespect meaning 'rock hole people' applied to those who depend on precarious water supplies), Wad'arri, Wadgaree, Wadjeri, Waian-wonga, Wajari, Wajeri, Wajjari, Wardal (of the Barimaia means 'west' hence by extension 'westerns'), Yajeri (typographical error for Wajeri), Yamaidyi.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Malleyearra, Meloria
Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Majanna, Maldjana, Malleyearra, Meloria, Muliarra, Wadjari, Baialdju, Cheangwa, Iirrawad ari, Irawadjari, Jamadji, Kurduwonga, Kurduwongga, Maliara, Miliara, Miliarra, Pidong, Wadarri, Wadgaree, Wadjeri, Waian wonga, Wajari, Wajeri, Wajjari, Wardal, Yajeri, Yamaidyi
Comment
Comments: 
According to Marmion (2006 p.c.), from what Tindale (1974) and Douglas (1981) say, Mulyara, which means 'east', could refer to eastern Wajarri people A39 or to Western Desert people A80, who were their eastern neighbours. That is, its reference to 'east' differs depending on the context.
References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Douglas, Wilfrid. 1981. Watjarri. In Handbook of Australian languages, Vol. 2, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 196-272. Canberra: ANU Press.
  • Gifford, Edric F. 1886. Upper Sandford : Muliarra tribe. In Curr , E.M. The Australian Race , v.1, 375-379.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 

Mt Luke, Mt Parr, Willow Vale (Oates 1975:85). North of Sandford River, on Roderick River, WA (Oates & Oates 1970:59, Capell).

Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates)
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Kardu Muliara  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Kardu Muliara  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Kardu Muliara