D14: Thangkaali

AIATSIS code: 
D14
AIATSIS reference name: 
Thangkaali

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Danggali
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Danggali
Tindale (1974)
Tungarlee, Tung-arlee, Dthang-gaa-lee, Dthang'gka (means upland), Dthang'gha, Paritke, Paridke, Momba (place name and location of one of four reported hordes), Nanja (name of a horde and a man of this tribe), Nanjara (horde name, best form), Nonnia, Nganya, 'Scotia blacks,' Nju:wiki (horde name), Yakumban, Yakkumbata, Yakayok, Jakojako, Jokajoka, Yokka Yokka, Yaak-yakko.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Dangali, Danggadi, Tungarlee, Tongaranka
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Danggagali [Hercus 1982] Tung-arlee (Bonney 1884:123), Yak Kumban (Eyre 1845), Marraa Warree (Richards 1903) [Hercus 1993] Thangkakali [Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:263]
Synonyms
Paakantyi, Dhanggaali, Danggali, Milpulo, Dhanggagarli, Dangali, Danggadi, Tungarlee, Tongaranka, Danggagali, Tung arlee, Dthang gaa lee, Dthanggka, Dthanggha, Paritke, Paridke, Momba, Nanja, Nanjara, Nonnia, Nganya, Scotia blacks, Nju:wiki, Yakumban, Yakkumbata, Yakayok, Jakojako, Jokajoka, Yokka Yokka, Yaak yakko
Comment
Comments: 

Following Hercus, Wafer and Lissarrague divide the Darling River language into two groups: Southern Darling River includes Southern Paakantyi D61, Wilyaali (~Wilyakali) D16, Thaangkali (~Thangkakali) (D14), Pulaali (Pulakali) D11, Wanyuparlku (~Wanyiwalku) D21, Pantyikali D17, Marrawarra D6, Parrintyi D48:. Northern Darling River or Paakantyi D12, Paaruntyi D47, Kurnu D25, Nhaawuparlku (Nhaawarlku) D19 and Milpulo D59. (2008: 263-267). 

The language name comes from 'thangka' for 'bread' and the suffix '-kali' indicating 'people' which implies 'the people who say thangka for bread' (Hercus in Wafer & Lissarrague, 2008:266).

Note that Hercus's Paakantyi grammar and dictionary is mainly on Southern Paakantyi D61.

 

References: 
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: the author.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1994. Paakantyi. In N. Thieberger & W. McGregor (eds), Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. North Ryde: Macquarie Library.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
SA
Location information: 

West of the Darling, It extends along the range of hills from Mount Bryant to the Darling near Laidley's Ponds, and forms in its variations the language of the Darling itself (Hercus 1993:7).

Plains southwest of Broken Hill from near Tandou Lake, southwestward to Mount Bryan and Burra Creek, northwest of Morgan, SA, chiefly in the more arid country extending generally eastward to within a few miles of the Darling River (Tindale 1974).

 

Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Hercus, Luise. 1982 The Bagandji language: Pacific Linguistics B6.7 Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 

Hercus, Luise. 1993 Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: Luise Hercus.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)       Dhanggaali Baagandji Hercus (1982) further dialects: Gurnu (Guula), Naualko, Baarrundji, Wiljaali, Dhanggaali, Bulaali, WanjubarIgu, Bandjigali, Barrindji, Marrawarra (Marawara, Maraura)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Dhanggagarli  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Dhanggagarli  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Danggali  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Danggali  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Danggali