D25: Kurnu

AIATSIS code: 
D25
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kurnu

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Gunu
Ethnologue name
Darling [Kula]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kula
Tindale (1974)
Noolulgo, Kurnu (name applied to language of this and several other Darling River tribes), Gu:nu, Guerno, Kornu, Kornoo, Cornu, Koonoo, Kuno, Guno, Gunu (['wim-badja] = man).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kurnu, Guerno, Kornu, Cornu, Koono, Kuno
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Paakantyi, Gurnu, Guula, Darling, Gunu, Kula, Cornu, Ee na won, Gu:nu, Gu:rnu, Guerno, Guno, Koono, Koonoo, Kornoo, Kornu, Kuno, Noolulgo
Comment
Comments: 

Following Hercus', Wafer and Lissarrague divide the Darling River language into two groups: Northern Darling River or Paakantyi D12, Paaruntyi D47, Kurnu (D25), Nhaawuparlku (Nhaawarlku) D19 and Milpulo D59. Southern Darling River includes Southern Paakantyi D61, Wilyaali (~Wilyakali) D16, Thaangkali (~Thangkakali) D14, Pulaali (Pulakali) D11, Wanyuparlku (~Wanyiwalku) D21, Pantyikali D17, Marrawarra D6, Parrintyi D48.

Note that Hercus's Paakantyi grammar and dictionary is mainly on Southern Paakantyi D61.

 

References: 
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: the author.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1994. Paakantyi. In N. Thieberger & W. McGregor (eds), Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. North Ryde: Macquarie Library.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 

... the Bourke area (Hercus 1993:11).

Chiefly on the western bank of the Darling River from near Bourke to Dunlop, Warrego River to Enngonia, and Barringun; west to vicinity of Yantabulla (Tindale 1974).

Maps: 
-
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Hercus, Luise. 1982 The Bagandji language: Pacific Linguistics B6.7 Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 

Hercus, Luise. 1993 Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: Luise Hercus.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Darling [Kula] Darling [dialects: Kula, Wiljakali (Wilyagali), Bagundji (Baagandji, Bagandji). Bagundji dialect is widely understood by others (1970 Oates).]
Dixon (2002)       Gurnu (Guula) Baagandji Hercus (1982) further dialects: Gurnu (Guula), Naualko, Baarrundji, Wiljaali, Dhanggaali, Bulaali, WanjubarIgu, Bandjigali, Barrindji, Marrawarra (Marawara, Maraura)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Gurnu  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Baagandji   Gurnu  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Gurnu  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Kurnu  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Darling   Kula