Gambuwal is a Pama Nyungan language; Gambuwal and Bigambal D34 have a 75% cognate count indicating a possible dialectal relationship; they are grouped with other east Queensland border languages Guyambal D35 and Yugambal E11 by Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:332-4).
Inglewood to Bonshaw, New South Wales; north to southern vicinity of Millmerran; east to Stanthorpe and Wallangarra and the western slope of the Dividing Range (Tindale 1974).
Inglewood (Queensland), and extending towards the Dumaresque and Mooni Rivers (Macpherson 1904:680).
Inglewood to Bonshaw, NSW, north to Millmerran; on western slope of Dividing Range (Capell 1963).
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Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.
Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).