D56: Muringam

AIATSIS code: 
D56
AIATSIS reference name: 
Muringam

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
Wakawaka [Muringam]
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Barunggam (Murrungama)
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Barungam , Cogai , Gogai , Murrum-ningama , Murrumgama , Murrungama , Kogai
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Synonyms
Wakawaka, Barungam, Barunggam, Cogai, Gogai, Kogai, Murrumgama, Murrumningama, Murrungama, Parrungoom, Murrum ningama
Comment
Comments: 
There is some uncertainty around the relationship between Muringam, Barunggam D40 and 'Murrungama / Murrumningama / Murrumningana'. Generally the latter are reported as alternative names for Barunggam, but Black and Walsh (1989) connect Murrumningana with Muringam, keeping Barunggam distinct. Walsh (1981) and Wurm (2004) do not mention Murrumningana (or variants) but make a distinction between Muringam and Barunggam. Curr (1887, vol. 3, pp. 220-21) supplies language data for 'the Murrumningama tribe', whose location aligns with that of Barunggam. Based on the information available, there appears to be no linguistic evidence of Muringam's language status.
References: 
  • Black, Paul & Michael Walsh. 1989. Guide to the languages of the Aboriginal Australians, ms.
  • Curr, E.M. 1887. Condamine and Charleys Creek : Murrumningama tribe. In The Australian Race. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Walsh, Michael. 1981. Maps of Australia and Tasmania. In Language atlas of the Pacific area Pt 1, eds S. A. Wurm and Shirô Hattori. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities.
  • Wurm, Stephen. 1994. Australian classification. In Atlas of the world's languages, eds C. Moseley and R. E. Asher, 114-118. New York: Routledge.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
None.
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
-
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Wakawaka [Muringam] Wakawaka [dialects: Duungidjawu, Wagawaga. Related to Wuliwuli, Barunggam, Gayabara, Muringam, which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Muringam
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Muringam
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)