D40: Barunggam

AIATSIS code: 
D40
AIATSIS reference name: 
Barunggam

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Barunggam
Ethnologue name
Wakawaka [Barunggam]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Barunggam
Thesaurus heading language
Barunggam language D40
Thesaurus heading (old)
Barunggam language (D40) (Qld SG56-09)
Tindale (1974)
Barungam, Parrungoom, Murrumgama, Murrun-gama, Murrumningama, Kogai (this name is used also for the language of tribes to the west), Gogai, Cogai.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Murrungama, Murrumningama
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Parrungoom (Barlow 1872-73), Barunggam (Tindale 1974, Holmer 1983) [Kite 2004:4]
Synonyms
Wakawaka, Barunggama, Barungam, Parrungoom, Murrumgama, Murrun gama, Murrumningama, Kogai, Gogai, Cogai
Comment
Comments: 
Kite and Wurm (2004) list Barunggam as a dialect of Waga-Waga E28. There is some uncertainty around relationship between Barunggam, Muringam D56 and 'Murrungama / Murrumningama / Murrumningana'. Generally the latter are reported as alternative names for Barunggam, but Black and Walsh (1989) connect Murrumningana with Muringam, keeping Barunggam distinct. Walsh 1981, Wurm 2004 and the Ethnologue do not mention Murrumningana (or variants) but make a distinction between Muringam and Barunggam. Curr supplies language data for 'the Murrumningama' group, whose location aligns with that of Barunggam (1887, vol. 3, pp. 220-21). Murrumningama is consequently listed as a variant of Barunggam in the Thesaurus. Kite and Wurm describe Baru?gam (D40) as a Waga-Waga E28 dialect, the others being Wuli-Wuli E89, Djagunda E27, Dala E25, Waga-Waga (which indicates this is used as both a language name and a dialect name), Duu?idjawu E20, Nalbo E90 and Giabal D41 (2004:4).
References: 
  • Black, Paul, and Michael Walsh. 1989. Guide to the languages of the Aboriginal Australians, ms.
  • Curr, E.M. 1887. Condamine and Charleys Creek : Murrumningama tribe. In The Australian Race. Melbourne: John Ferres, Government Printer.
  • Kite, Suzanne, and Stephen A. Wurm. 2004. The Duungidjawu language of southeast Queensland: grammar, texts and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics 553. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Walsh, Michael. 1981. Maps of Australia and Tasmania. In Language atlas of the Pacific area Pt 1, eds S. A. Wurm and Shirô Hattori. Canberra: Australian Academy of the Humanities.
  • Wurm, Stephen. 1994. Australian classification. In Atlas of the world's languages, eds C. Moseley and R. E. Asher, 114-118. New York: Routledge.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Headwaters of Condamine River east of Jackson to about Dalby; north about Charley Creek to Dividing Range and west to Wongorgera and Woleebee; south to Tara; at 165 Chinchilla and Jandowae. Their country is on the red soils south and west of the Dividing Range (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarA few articles1
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanWakawaka [Barunggam]Wakawaka [dialects: Duungidjawu, Wagawaga. Related to Wuliwuli, Barunggam, Gayabara, Muringam, which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUPWaka-Gabi areal groupBarunggamWaga-Waga Kite (2000) further dialects: Wuli-Wuli, Dala, Djakunda, Barunggam, Duungidjawu
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicBarunggam
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanBarunggam
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicMiyanBarunggama
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMain WiradjuricBarunggama?
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganWiradjuricMainBarunggam