E28: Wakka Wakka^

AIATSIS code: 
E28
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wakka Wakka^

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Name
ABN name
Wakka Wakka language (Previously Wakawaka language)
ABS name
-
Horton name
Waka Waka
Ethnologue name
Wakawaka
ISO 639-3 code
wkw
Tindale name
Wakawaka
Thesaurus heading language
Wakka Wakka language E28
Thesaurus heading (old)
Waka Waka / Wakka Wakka language (E28) (Qld SG56-10)
Tindale (1974)
Waa (valid alternative), Wakka-wakka, Waka, Wakka, Woga, Wokka, Wakar, Wakkar, Wackar, Waku-wuka, Wogga, Wuka Wuka, ? Nukunukubara, Wapa (Kabikabi term meaning 'inlanders'), Wa:bar (applied to several tribes), Mungar (spotted gum tree people); ['waka] = no.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wakkawakka, Waka, Woga, Wokka, Wogga, Wokkari, Nukunukubara, Wa
Glottocode
waka1274
Other sources
Woga (E. Cunningham 1887, O'Connor 1887), Wogga (O'Connor 1887), Woka (Landsborough and Curr 1887), Wokka (Illidge 1887, Armitage n.d.), Wacca-Wacca (Gir-oonbah 1894, Meston n.d.), Wakar/Wackar (Shirley 1896), Wuka Wuka (Ross 1904), Wakka Wakka (Mathew 1910), Waka (Parry-Okeden 1914), Wakka (Watson 1943/4), Waka Waka (Winterbotham 1957), Wagawaga (Capell 1963), Wakawaka (Tindale 1938), Woka-Woka (Hall n.d.a), Wakka-Wakka (Holmer 1983) [Kite and Wurm 2004:4]
Synonyms
Waga Waga, Wakawaka, Waka Waka, Bujiebara, Dungibara, Dungidau, Garumga, Garumngar, Kaiabara, Enibura, Gowrburra, Koolaburra, Mungar, Nukunukubara, Wa, Wabar, Waa, Wacca Wacca, Wackar, Waka, Wakar, Wakka, Wakka wakka, Wakkar, Wakkawakka, Waku wuka, Wapa, Wilili, Wililililee, Willillee, Woga, Wogga, Wokka, Wokkari, Wuka Wuka, Wuli wuli, Wulili, Wagawaga, Woka, Wakar/Wackar, Woka Woka
Comment
Comments: 
Kite and Wurm describe Waga-Waga (E28) as a language and a dialect, other dialects being Duu?idjawu E20, Wuli-Wuli E89, Djagunda E27, Dala E25, Baru?gam D40, Nalbo E90 and Giabal D41 (2004:4). Terrill refers to a ms 'The Waga Waga language of South East Queensland: A sketch grammar' (Dinneen 1988) which describes Waga-Waga having one laminal series, five vowels, one rhotic; separate forms for nominals in Subject, Object and Agent roles in a sentence; three verb conjugations; a causative affix -ma- and no marking for transitivity in verbs. Complement clauses are embedded (in Terrill, 1998:126). See also Yiman E31.
References: 
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Kite, Suzanne, and Stephen A. Wurm. 2004. The Duungidjawu language of southeast Queensland: grammar, texts and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics 553. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Jones, Stephen. 1990. A submerged history :Baroon, Aborigines and white invasion. Maleny, Qld.: Stephen Jones.
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri A salvage study of a Queensland language; Honours thesis ANU. MS 3262.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
... to the west and northwest of the Dungidjau. Bounded in the east by the Brisbane River and Jimna Range. Extending as far north as Gayndah and Mundubbera on the Burnett River and went west to the Boyne River and Bunya Mountains (Tennant-Kelly 1935 Tribes on Cherburg Settlement, Queensland as quoted in Kite and Wurm 2004:6). Nanango north to Mount Perry behind Coast Range; west to Boyne Rive, Upper Burnett River and Mundubbera; at Kingaroy, Murgon and Gayndah (Capell 1963 E59).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Suzanne Kite, Stephen Wurm,
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
-
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Wakawaka Wakawaka [dialects: Duungidjawu, Wagawaga. Related to Wuliwuli, Barunggam, Gayabara, Muringam, which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002) CENTRAL EAST COAST GROUP Waka-Gabi areal group Waga-Waga Waga-Waga Kite (2000) further dialects: Wuli-Wuli, Dala, Djakunda, Barunggam, Duungidjawu
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Waga
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Wagawaga (Wakawaka) (dialect of Waga) Waga [dialects: Wagawaga (Wakawaka), Dalla, Ngalbu (Nalbo), Dungibara, Garumga, Duungidjawu]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Waga-Waga
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Wakawaka
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Waka-Kabic Miyan Wakawaka