Holmer describes a close relationship between Batjala (E30) and Kabi Kabi E29 and is unable to define the relationship as dialectal or two separate languages (1983:138). Tindale includes Ngulungbara under this language name (E30) but indicates that they may be a different people (1974:165).
The community preference is to use Butchulla (E30) (Bell, 2004).
Fraser Island and on the adjacent mainland around Pialba and Mount Bauple (Kite and Wurm 2004). Batjala: Fraser or Great Sandy Island (n. n. Gari); also on the mainland coast south to Noosa Head (Tindale 1974). Ngulungbara: Northern third of Fraser Island, north of Boomerang Hill (Tindale 1974).
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Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.
Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).
Bell, Jeanie. 2003. A sketch grammar of the Badjala language of Gari (Fraser Island), University of Melbourne: MA.
Bell, Jeanie. 2004. Dictionary of the Butchulla language. QLD:Korrawinga Aboriginal Corporation.