G41: Parnkarra

AIATSIS code: 
G41
AIATSIS reference name: 
Parnkarra

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
Warluwara (Parnkarra)
ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Warluwara, Barngara
Comment
Comments: 
According to Breen (1971 MA thesis), the Warluwara G10 people consisted of three groups: Kapula, Parnkara G41, and the Warluwara G10 proper; Kapula is given by Warluwara speakers as a dialect of that language. Similarly, Oates (1975:159) treats Barngara (G41) as a dialect of Warluwarra G10. Documentation on Warluwara G10 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. Warluwara grammar and wordlist [electronic resource] (AILEC 0253).
  • Breen, Gavan. 1970. A description of the Waluwara language, Monash University: MA. (MS 111).
  • Breen, Gavan. 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland. In Linguistic Communications 5, 1-88. Melbourne: Monash University.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
... at Rochedale and west towards Headingly (Breen 1970).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listMedium (100-200 pages)3
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
Grammar: 

Breen, Gavan. 1970. A description of the Waluwara language, Monash University: MA.

Dictionary: 
Breen, Gavan. Warluwarra Word list, ASEDA 0253.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWarluwara-ThawaWarluwara (Parnkarra)
Dixon (2002)NGARNA SUBGROUP*Southern Ngarna subgroup*ParnkarraWarluwara Breen (1971) further dialects: Kapula, Parnkarra
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganWagaya-WarluwaricWaluwara or ThawaBarngara
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)