L46: Nhirrpi

AIATSIS code: 
L46
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nhirrpi

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
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Comment
Comments: 
According to Breen (2004), this is a dialect of Yandruwandha L18. Documentation on Yandruwandha L18 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Bowern, Claire. Nhirrpi vocabulary and sketch grammar. (AILEC 0786)
  • Breen, Gavan. 2004. Innamincka Talk: a grammar of the Innamincka dialect of Yandruwandha with notes on other dialects: Pacific Linguistics 558. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
Location information: 
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Maps: 
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Links
Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Karajarri (A64 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).

Yantruwantha

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Jandruwanda (AC, orig. AIAS), Yandra Wandra (Science of Man), Yandruwandha (AIAS), Yandruwantha (Breen), Yandruwanta (SAW, O'G, RLS, Breen), Yanturuwanta
Dialects: Strezlecki, Nhirrpi (SAW,1957) Biraliba (name given Beckett) (Innamincka)
Related languages: Yawarrawarrka (Breen) (Yawarawarga)
Classification of the language:
Karnic Group, Karna Subgroup. (Originially Dieric Group -- SAW)
Identification codes:
Oates '73: 74.2b
AIAS: L.018
Capell: L22
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Last speaker died in 1976. Traditionally, south of Cooper's Creek from Innamincka to Carraweena (AC).
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Breen is continuing with analysis of material obtained from 2 speakers in 1970-73. Vocabulary of more than 1400 words.
Practical orthography:
None established. Breen's orthography is probably suitable.
Word lists:
Breen 1974.
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Reuther, Breen.
Material available on the language:
Austin, Peter, R. Ellis & Luise A. Hercus. 1976. 'Fruit of the Eyes': semantic diffusion in the Lakes Languages of South Australia. Papers in Australian Linguistics No.10. Pacific Linguistics A.47:57-77.
Austin, Peter. 1981. A grammar of Diyari, South Australia. Cambridge Studies in Linguistics, 32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Breen, J. Gavan. 1967. Yandruwandha material. (Yan.-English alphabetical word-list, domain list) (MS 120) AIAS.
---------- 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland (preliminary version). Linguistic Communications 5:1-88. (100 item word list for 19 languages)
---------- Yandruwantha field notes and transcriptions. (30 hours tape-recording, hundreds of pages). Some Yawarrawarrka.
---------- 1974. Yandruwantha wordlist. 40p. ts. Vocabulary of more than 1400 words.
---------- 1975. Innamincka talk (the Innamincka dialect of Yandruwandha): preliminary version. 2v. [398]p. ms. 48
---------- 1976. Yandruwantha, Ngamini, and note on Midhaga, pp.594-7,745-56 in Grammatical Categories in Australian Languages. Linguistic Series 22, ed. by R.M.W. Dixon. AIAS.
Reuther, J.G. Three central Australian grammars: Diari, Jandruwanta, Wongkanguru, ed. by L.A. Hercus and J.G. Breen. ts. Part of Volume V. Jandruwanta. 21p.
---------- Vocabulary of the Dieri and related dialects. 13 notebooks, 18 bd. vols. (4 vols.; vols. of place names, myths, ethnography, etc.) ms. South Australian Museum.
Sharpe, E. 1901. Yandra Wanta tribe, Queensland. Science of Man. Sydney. 3.12:208-209.
Wurm, S.A. 1976. Jand"r"wanta field notes. trans. by Peter Austin. 18p. (pA3 150) AIAS.
Literacy material:
None.

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Claire Bowern
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
-
Grammar: 

Bowern, Claire. Nhirrpi vocabulary and sketch grammar, ASEDA 0786.

Dictionary: 

Bowern, Claire. Nhirrpi vocabulary and sketch grammar, ASEDA 0786.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUP Central Lake Eyre Basin areal group Nhirrpi Yandruwanhdha further dialects: Yawarrawarrka, Nhirrpi, Parlpa-Mardramardra, Matja
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975)          
Wurm (1972)          
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)