N39: Iwaidja

AIATSIS code: 
N39
AIATSIS reference name: 
Iwaidja

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Name
ABN name
Iwaidja language
ABS name
Iwaidja
Horton name
Iwaidja
Ethnologue name
Iwaidja
ISO 639-3 code
ibd
Tindale name
Iwaidja
Thesaurus heading language
Iwaidja language N39
Thesaurus heading (old)
Iwaidja / Yiwayja / Yiwadya language (N39) (NT SC53-13)
Tindale (1974)
(ii = no), Ji:wadja, Jiwadja, Juwadja, Iwaija, Iyi, Eiwaja, Eaewardja, Eaewarga (in MS presuming g = dj), Uwaidja, Eae-warge-ga, Unalla, Limbakaraja, Limba-Karadjee, Iwaiji (compare note under Wurango), Tarula (Melville Islanders term, lit. 'riflemen' because Joe Cooper, early white settler, used Iwaidja helpers to defend himself).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Jiwaidja, Iwaiji, Eiwaja, Eaewandja, Unalla, Limbakaraja
Glottocode
iwai1244
Other sources
Iwaja, Yiwayja [Harvey PMS 5822]
Synonyms
Iwaydja, Adawuli, Djalakuru, Gaari, Garrig, Jaako, Jiwadza, Marlgu, Oitbi, Uruku, Wurango, Eae warge ga, Eaewandja, Eaewardja, Eaewarga, Eawaitja, Eewardja, Eiwaja, Gari, Idjduwa, Ilkar, Iwaidji, Iwaija, Iwaiji, Iwaji, Iyi, Jewitcha, Ji:wadja, Jiwadja, Jiwaidja, Juwadja, Limba Kar adjee, Limba karadjee, Limbakaraja, Manduwid, Ngadalwuli, Oidbi, Tarula, Unalla, Uwaidja, Yiwadja, Yiwadya, Yiwayja, Yiwaidja, Iwaja, Limba Karadjee, Iwadja
Comment
Comments: 
Nicholas Evans is researching Iwaidja and other endangered languages of Cobourg Peninsula with funding from DOBES (2007). In addition to recordings in the AIATSIS collection, there are recordings available through the DOBES website. The 2008 Iwaidja Inyman publication 'Kindi ngamin nuwung? What do I call you?' is one of a series of guides to the language and culture of the Iwaidja-speaking people of north-western Arnhem Land. It comes with an audio recording of all the words and dialogues in the book.
References: 
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Powell, Alan. 1982. Culture contact and changes in land occupation on the Cobourg Peninsula. North Australia Research Bulletin, nos. 6 - 8. (S 91/4).
  • Pym, Noreen, with Bonnie Larrimore. 1979. Papers on Iwaidja phonology and grammar: Work papers of SIL-AAB series A vol. 2. Darwin: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 

The north coast from the De Courcy Head area to and including the southern half of Bowen Strait. The neck of Cobourg Peninsula east from about Wongarlu Bay. Murganellam. There was no precise information in 2007 on the southern limits of Iwaidja affiliations (Harvey ASEDA 802). The Iwaidja language is spoken on Croker Island and the Cobourg Peninsula in Western Arnhemland, Northern Territory. (Pym & Larrimore 1979).

Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 

Batchelor Press published a few materials in 2005.

People: 
Heather Hewett, Noreen Pym, Nick Evans
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesexist
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt180
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census134

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Pym, Noreen. 1979. Papers on Iwaidja phonology and grammar: Work papers of SIL-AAB A2. Darwin: SIL

Dictionary: 

Pym, Noreen. 1982. Iwaidja working dictionary. Dariwn: SIL. Pym, Noreen. Iwaidja word list, ASEDA 0012.

Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Yiwaidjan Yiwaidjic   Iwaidja Iwaidja [dialectes: Iwaydja]
Dixon (2002)   NORTH-WEST ARNHEM LAND SUBGROUP* Mawung-Iwaydja subgroup* Iwaydja Iwaydja Pym and Larrimore (1979) further dialects: Ilgar, Garik
Wurm (1994) Yiwaidjan Yiwaidjic   Yiwaidja  
Walsh (1981) Yiwaidjan Yiwaidjic Wargbi Yiwaidja  
Oates (1975) Yiwaidjan Yiwaidjic   Yiwadja  
Wurm (1972) Iwaidjan Iwaidjic Wargbi Iwaidji (Yiwaidja)  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Iwaidjan Iwaidjic Wargbi Iwaidji