N73: Rembarrnga

AIATSIS code: 
N73
AIATSIS reference name: 
Rembarrnga

tabs_horizontal

Name
ABN name
Rembarrnga language
ABS name
Rembarrnga
Horton name
Rembarnga
Ethnologue name
Rembarunga
ISO 639-3 code
rmb
Tindale name
Rembarunga
Thesaurus heading language
Rembarrnga language N73
Thesaurus heading (old)
Rembarrnga language (N73) (NT SD53-06)
Tindale (1974)
Rembarrnga, Rembaranga, Rembarnga, Rem-branga, 'Ranjbarngo, Rainbarngo, Reinbaranga, Rem-barrna, Maia:li (alternative name), Maieli, Majali, Maiali (collective name in Rembarunga area), Maielli.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Rainbarngo
Glottocode
remb1249
Other sources
Rembarrnga, Rembarnga, Rainbarno, Ranjbarngu, Remberanga, Rambarrna, Rembarunga, Rembranga [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Rembarunga, Rembarnga, Rainbarngo, Rambarrnga, Ranjbarngo, Ranjbarngu, Reinbaranga, Rembaranga, Rembarn nga, Rembarrna, Rembarrngu, Rembranga, Rainbarno, Remberanga, Rambarrna, Rem branga, Rem barrna, Maia:li, Maieli, Majali, Maiali, Maielli
Comment
Comments: 
According to McKay (1975:9), there are two dialects of Rembarnga: the south-western dialect, Galduyh N175, and the north-eastern dialect, which has no specific name. According to Baker (2008:3) Rembarrnga is most closely related to Ngalakgan N77 within the Gunwinyguan family, and both languages are quite closely related to Bininj Gun-wok N186.
References: 
  • McKay, Graham R. 1975. Rembarnga: a language of central Arnhem Land, Australian National University: PhD. (MS 958).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Baker, Brett. 2008. Word structure in Ngalakgan. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
The traditional territory of the Rembarnga people is located in an area between the Cadell River and the edge of the escarpment country beginning just east of Guyuyu Creek and the Blyth River. This territory reached northwards down the Blyth River to the extreme upper limits of tidal influence, and reached southwards as far as the source of Guyuyu Creek, which the Rembarnga people call in English 'Blyth River' (McKay 1975:1). Headwaters of Mann, Cadell, Wilton, and Blyth rivers, extending south to an inhospitable and arid plateau seasonally very short of water (Tindale 1974). There was no precise information on the limits of Rembarrnga associations in 2007. The general associations were to the middle and upper Blyth River drainage, but not including any of the headwaters in the plateau country, and to the upper Goyder, most probably including and above the junction of Annie Creek and the Goyder (Harvey ASEDA 802).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
Diwurrwurru-jaru Aboriginal Corporation produced a teacher's guide in 1998 as well as several materials (including video materials) early 2000's. Ngukurr Community Education Centre is running a language program (2006).
People: 
Carolyn Coleman, Sarah Cutfield, Graham McKay, Adam Saulwick, Lamont West, Ngkurr Language Centre, Maningrida Literature Production Centre
Indigenous organisations: 

Ngukurr Language Centre https://ngukurrlc.org.au/

Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt150
1996Census75
2001Census11
2004NILS175
2005Estimate10
2006Census38
2011Census124
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

McKay, Graham. 1975 Rembarnga: a language of central Arnhem Land, Australian National University: PhD.

Saulwick, Adam. 2003. Aspects of the verb in Rembarrnga: a polysynthetic language of northern Australia: grammatical description, texts and dictionary. University of Melbourne: PhD.

Dictionary: 
Saulwick, Adam et al. 2003. A first dictionary of Rembarrnga. Maningrida, NT: Maningrida Arts & Culture. McKay, Graham. Rembarrnga Dictionary and Grammar, ASEDA 0607.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Gunwingguan Rembargic Rembarunga
Dixon (2002) ARNHEM LAND GROUP Rembarrnga/Ngalakan subgroup* Rembarrnga Rembarrnga McKay (1975) dialect: Kaltuy'
Wurm (1994) Gunwinyguan Rembarrnga Rembarrnga
Walsh (1981) Gunwinyguan Rembarrngic Rembarrnga
Oates (1975) Gunwingguan Rembarngic Rembarnga
Wurm (1972) Gunwingguan Rainbarngic Rainbarngo
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Gunwingguan Rainbarngic Rembarunga