S16: Mardidjali

AIATSIS code: 
S16
AIATSIS reference name: 
Mardidjali

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Jardwadjali (Marditjali)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Marditjali
Thesaurus heading language
Mardidjali language S16
Thesaurus heading (old)
Mardidjali language (S16) (Vic SJ54-03)
Tindale (1974)
Worangarait (['wora] = plain country, ['ngara] = to exist in-name applied by Bunganditj), Worangarit, Wra-garait, Wintjabarap (language name), Lake Wallace tribe, Keribial-barap, ['tjal:e] = language, speech, Witjintanga (a hordal name), Wichintunga.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Keribialbarap
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Marditjali [a small tribe but distinct from Jardwa], Madimadi (according to Mulvaney a variant of Marditjali), Marditali [Clark 1990:254]
Synonyms
Martijali, Jardwadjali, Marditjali, Keribial barap, Keribialbarap, Lake Wallace tribe, Wichintunga, Wintjabarap, Witjintanga, Worangarait, Worangarit, Wragarait, language, speech
Comment
Comments: 
Clark says that Mathews' notes suggest three dialects of Jardwadjali S27: the southern dialect, Nundadjali S87; the Horsham dialect, Jabbadjali / Yardwadjali S27 and the Lake Buloke dialect, Jagwadjali S84. Clark goes on to discuss the uncertain status of Mardidjali, meaning 'abrupt' or 'hard to understand' speech, which he says is probably a 'dialect of Jardwadjali or possibly Wergaia S27' (1990: 236-237). In his later work, Clark (2005:14) includes all four varieties - Jardwadjali, Nundadjali, Jagwadjali and Mardidjali - as dialects of the same language, which he terms Jardwadjali (thus using Jardwadjali as both language and dialect name). Documentation on Jardwadjali S27 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
VIC
Location information: 
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Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)WEST VICTORIAN AREAL GROUPKulin subgroup*MartijaliWemba-Wemba Hercus (1986) further dialects: Baraba-Baraba, Madhi-Madhi, Wadi-Wadi, Ladji-Ladji, Nari-Nari, Wergaya, Djadjala, Wutjabulak, Martijali, Buibatyalli, Nundatyalli, Jab-wurrung, Pirt-Koopen-Noot, Jaja-wurrung
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKulinicDrual (Bungandidj)Mardidjali
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganKulinicDrualMarditjali
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganKulinicDrualMarditjali