S20: Dhauwurd Wurrung^

AIATSIS code: 
S20
AIATSIS reference name: 
Dhauwurd Wurrung^

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Name
ABN name
Dhauwurd wurrung language
ABS name
-
Horton name
Gunditjmara
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Gunditjmara
Thesaurus heading language
Dhauwurd Wurrung language S20
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gunditjmara / Gurndidy / Dhaurwurd-Wurrung language (S20) (Vic SJ54-11)
Tindale (1974)
Dhauhurtwurru (language name), Ku:nditjmara, Gournditch-mara (['Gu:nditj] = name of Lake Condah ['mara] = ['ma:r] = man), Gurnditschmara, Nil-can-cone-deets, Kuurn-kopan-noot (descriptive language name), Kirurndit, Tourahonong, Weeritch-Weeritch, Ngutuk (means 'thou,' name given by an adjacent tribe), Villiers tribe, Spring Creek tribe (a horde called Mopor, around Woolsthorpe), Port Fairy tribe (a horde along coast, its dialect called Peekwhuurong).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Gournditchmara, Kuurnkopannoot, Kirurndit
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Dhauwurd wurrung as a dialect name - Dhauwurd wurrung, Dhauhurru, Thaguwurung, Tyaupurt wurung, Tyapurtwuru, Dhahurtwurru, Dhauwert woorong, Thauwertwoorong, Dauwert woorong, Dhauhwurru, Dhau-urt-wuru, Thaghurt wuru, Thagurtwurung, Ta-ha-hurrur, Tourahonong, Dhauhurt wurru, Dhau'urdwuru language, Dhauhurtwurru (a language name which, according to Tindale 1974, is an acceptable alternative to Gunditjmara) [Clark 1990:29] Dhauwurd wurrung as a language name - Dhauhurru, Tyapurtwuru, Dhahurtwurru, Dhauwert woorong, Dauwert woo-rong, Thauwertwoorong, Dhauhwurru, Dhau-urt-wuru, Thaghurt wuru, Thagurtwurung, Ta-ha-hurrur, Tourahonong, Dhauhurt wurru, Dhau'urdwuru language, Dhauhurtwurru (a language name which according to Tindale 1974 is an acceptable alternative to Gunditjmara) [Clark 1990:31] Dhawutwurru (Thaguwurrung, Dhau-urt-wuru, Dhauhurru, Tyapurt-wurru, Dhauhurtwurru) [Blake 2003] Gunditjmara which is not a legitimate language name - Gundidjmar, Gononditch-Mara, Gournditch Mara, Gournditch-mara, Gourndichmara, Gournditch, Gurnditschmara, Gournditch mara, Gournditch-mara, Gu:nditjmara, Ku:nditjmara, Gurnditj'mara, Kirurndit, Gurnditjmara, Gundidj, Gunditjmara, Gunditjmara, Gunditj'mara, Gunditz-Mara, Gurnditj, Kurnditj, Gunditmara, Gurndidjmara [Clark 1990:31] Dhauwurdwurrung [Clark 2005]
Synonyms
Kuurn Kopan Noot, Gournditch Mara, Gu:nditj mara, Dhautgart, wurru, Gunditjmara, Dhauwurd Wurung, Gundidjmara, Dhaurwurd Wurrung, Dhauhurtwurru, Gournditch mara, Gournditchmara, Gundidj, Gurndidjmara, Gurndidy, Gurnditjmara, Gurnditschmara, Kirurndit, Ku:nditjmara, Kunditjmara, Kuurn kopan noot, Kuurnkopannoot, Ngutuk, Nil can cone deets, Port Fairy tribe, Spring Creek tribe, Tourahonong, Villiers tribe, Weeritch Weeritch, Gurndidj, Dhauwurd wurrung as a dialect name Dhauwurd wurrung, Dhauhurru, Thaguwurung, Tyaupurt wurung, Tyapurtwuru, Dhahurtwurru, Dhauwert woorong, Thauwertwoorong, Dauwert woorong, Dhauhwurru, Dhau urt wuru, Thaghurt wuru, Thagurtwurung, Ta ha hurrur, Dhauhurt wurru, Dhauurdwuru language, Gurnditj
Comment
Comments: 
The Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages and Clark (1990) uses the name Dhauwurd wurrung, rather than Gunditjmara, to refer to this language. Blake (2003:2) also doubts the authenticity of the name Gunditjmara and uses 'the Warrnambool language' instead. Using Dhauwurd Wurrung as both language (cover term) and dialect name, Clark (2005) lists the following dialects: Wulluwurrung S81, Dhauwurdwurrung (S20), Gaiwurrung S74, Gurngubanud S75 and Bi:gwurrung S77. Further, Clark (2005) links Dhauwurdwurrung to Giraiwurrung S25 and Djargurdwurrung S73 as a language continuum. Blake (2003:7) has a similar grouping but treats all as dialects of a single language. Blake (2003:7) notes that 'some dialect differentiation can be discerned' but that it is difficult to be certain how many given the 'confusing number of dialect names in the sources'. He identifies Pikwurrung S77, Kunkupanut S75 and Wuluwurrung S81, and also makes reference to Dawson's (1881) list: Kirrae wuurong (Kiriwurrung) S25, Katubanuut S71, Warn tallin (Warn thalayn) S73?, Kii wuurong (Kayiwurrung) S74, Kuurn kopan not (Kurnkupanut) S75, Peek whurrong (Pikwurrung) S77, Wirngill gnat tallinanong S80 and Wuluwurrung S81 (Blake 2003:8-9, 12). The Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages uses the name Gunditjmara as both a people name and a cover term for a slightly different group of languages: Gadubanud S71, Gulidjan S30, Djargurd Wurrong S73, Keerray Woorroong S25, Woolwoowurrong S81, Koorn Kopan Noot S75, Kee Wurrong S74, Peek Wurrong S77 and Dharwurd Wurrong.
References: 
  • Blake, Barry. 2003. The Warrnambool language: a consolidated account of the Aboriginal language of the Warrnambool area of the western district of Victoria based on nineteenth century sources: Pacific Linguistics 544. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Clark, Ian. 1990. Aboriginal languages and clans: an historical atlas of western and central Victoria, 1800-1900: Monash Publications in Geography, 37. Melbourne: Department of Geographical and Environmental Science, Monash University.
  • Clark, Ian. 2005. Aboriginal language areas in Victoria - a reconstruction: a report to Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages. Melbourne: Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
VIC
Location information: 
-
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Barry Blake, South West Aboriginal Languages Committee
Indigenous organisations: 

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages
Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation
Shop 4/48 Edgar Street
Heywood VIC 3304:

Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection None 0
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 

Blake, Barry. 2003. The Warrnambool language : a consolidated account of the Aboriginal language of the Warrnambool area of the western district of Victoria based on nineteenth century sources: Pacific Linguistics 544. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
Blake, Barry. 2003. The Warrnambool language : a consolidated account of the Aboriginal language of the Warrnambool area of the western district of Victoria based on nineteenth century sources: Pacific Linguistics 544. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) WEST VICTORIAN AREAL GROUP Bungandik/Kuurn-Kopan-Noot subgroup* Kuurn-Kopan-Noot (Gournditch-Mara, Gu:nditj-mara), Dhautgart (wurru), Kuurn-Kopan-Noot (Gournditch-Mara, Gu:nditj-mara) further dialects: Peek-Whurru ng, Koort-Kirrup(?), Dhautgart (wurru), Tjarcote
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Kuurn Kopan Noot
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Bungandidj Kuurn Kopan Noot Kuurn Kopan Noot [dialects: Kuurn Kopan Noot, Kii Wuurong, Kirrae Wuurong, Chaap Wuurong, Peek Whurrong]
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Drual (Bungandidj) Gurndidj, Gundidj
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Drual Gurnditj
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Kulinic Drual Gurnditjmara