E39: Wadjigu

AIATSIS code: 
E39
AIATSIS reference name: 
Wadjigu

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Wadjigu
Ethnologue name
Wadjigu
ISO 639-3 code
wdu
Tindale name
Wadja
Thesaurus heading language
Wadjigu language E39
Thesaurus heading (old)
Wadja / Wadjigu language (E39) (Qld SG55-04)
Tindale (1974)
Wainjago, Wainjigo, Wadjainggo, Wainggo.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Wadjainggo, Waindjago, Wainggo, Maudalgo
Glottocode
wadj1255
Other sources
Wadya
Synonyms
Wadja, Wadju, Maudalgo, Wadjainggo, Waindjago, Wainggo, Wainjago, Wainjigo, Wadya
Comment
Comments: 
Breen recorded a language called Wadjigu spoken by Amy Miller from Rolleston, possibly born at Consuelo; he describes it as belonging to the Bidjara group, located in the same area Tindale places Karingbal E38, close to Bidjara E37 and GariGari country (2009:237). Breen says that Wadjigu (E39) and Tindale's Wadja (E39) (1974:186) refer to the same language; he assigns the area Tindale identifies as Wadja to Mandalgu E65 (2009:234), which he tentatively proposes as a 'new' language (2009:234). Breen classifies Wadja as a member of the Bidjari group of languages (2009:234).
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Breen identifies Tindale's Karingbal area as Wadjigu (2009: 237). Karingbal: Headwaters of Comet River (upper Mackenzie) from below Rolleston south to the Carnarvon Range; west to Consuelo Peak; on the Brown River; east to Expedition Range and Bedourie. It is a tribe quite separate from the Kanolu and Kangulu. Davidson's placings of this and neighboring tribes are based on Kelly's incorrect sketch map that shows Emerald 50 miles out of position with respect to Springsure (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganMaricWadjigu
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupWadja, WadjiguBidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricWadjigu
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariWadjigu
Oates (1975)Wadja
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicKingkelWadja
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicKingkelWadja