E38: Garaynbal

AIATSIS code: 
E38
AIATSIS reference name: 
Garaynbal

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Garingbal
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Karingbal
Thesaurus heading language
Garaynbal language E38
Thesaurus heading (old)
Garingbal language (E38) (Qld SG55-04)
Tindale (1974)
Karingbool, Kaingbul, Karranbal; man = ['gul-bura], no = ['kangu].
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kaingbul, Karranbal, Kanoloo
Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Garanjbal, Garingbal, Karingbal, Kainbul, Kaingbul, Kanalloo, Kanoloo, Kanolu, Karingbool, Karranbal, Karranbal; man
Comment
Comments: 
This is treated as a dialect of Biri E56 by Terrill (1988). Documentation on Biri E56 may be relevant. Garaynbal is a Biri dialect from Central Queensland (Terrill, 1998:83 and Breen 2009:231). Other dialects of the Biri language include Biri E56, Yangga E52, Yilba E55, Miyan E50, Wirri E57, Gabulbarra E45, Baradha E48, Baranha E53, Yambina E51, Yetimarala E63, Gangulu E40 and the Brown River language (Breen, 2009).
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Breen concludes that the location of Karingbal (E38) given by Tindale (1974:174) is incorrect; he places it in the western part of McIntosh's 'Kaangooloo' territory, centering on Jellinbah, which is equivalent of the northern and eastern part of Tindale's Kanolu (E64) territory (2009:231)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary), ms 2171 [Papers on the Aboriginal Languages of Queensland]
Grammar: 

Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri. Munich: Lincom.

Beale, Anthony. 1974. A grammar of the Biri language, ms.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupGaranjbalBiri* (or Biria, Birigaba) Beale (1974) (note that Terrill 1998 is a publication of some of Beale's materials) further dialects: Gangulu, Wirri (or Widi), Yilba, Baradha, Yambina, Yetimarala, Garanjbal, Yangga
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricGaringbal
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGaringbal
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGaringbal
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKaringbal
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKaringbal