E63: Yetimarala / Yetimarla

AIATSIS code: 
E63
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yetimarala / Yetimarla

tabs_horizontal

Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Darumbal (Jetimarala/Yetimaralla)
Ethnologue name
Bayali (Yetimarala)
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Jetimarala
Thesaurus heading language
-
Thesaurus heading (old)
-
Tindale (1974)
Ja:mba (means camp), Yaamba, Yetti maralla (mari = man), Taruin-bura ('big river people,' a horde name).
O'Grady et al (1966)
-
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Bayali, Darumbal, Jetimarala/Yetimaralla, Jetimarala, Kooinmurburra, Ningebul, Taroombul, Warrabul, Yetimaralla, Ja:mba, Yaamba, Yetti maralla, Taruin bura
Comment
Comments: 
Terrill (1998:77) and Breen (2009:230) describe this as a Biri dialect from Central Queensland. Other dialects of the Biri language include Biri E56, Yangga E52, Yilba E55, Miyan E50, Wirri E57, Gabulbarra E45, Baradha E48, Baranha E53, Yambina E51, Yetimarala E63, Garaynbal E38, Gangulu E40 and the Brown River language (Breen, 2009).
References: 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian languages: their nature and development: Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
The location given on Roth's map coincides closely with that given by Tindale for this dialect (Terrill 1998:77). On Boomer and Broad Sound Ranges from Fitzroy River north to about Killarney; west to the Mackenzie and Isaac rivers. In my 1940 work this was listed only as a supposed part of either the Barada or Kabalbara tribes (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganWaka-KabicKingkelBayali (Yetimarala)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupYetimaralaBiri* (or Biria, Birigaba) Beale (1974) (note that Terrill 1998 is a publication of some of Beale's materials) further dialects: Gangulu, Wirri (or Widi), Yilba, Baradha, Yambina, Yetimarala, Garanjbal, Yangga
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)