E55: Yilba

AIATSIS code: 
E55
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yilba

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Yilba
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Ilba
Thesaurus heading language
Yilba language E55
Thesaurus heading (old)
Yilba language (E55) (Qld SF55-02)
Tindale (1974)
Yukkaburra, Yuckaburra, Munkeeburra, Mootha-burra (horde name), Mungera (horde name), Mungerra, Eneby (said to be language name), Pagulloburra (horde name).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yukkaburra, Mungerra, Eneby, Pegulloburra
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Yuckaburra (Chatfield 1886, Beuzeville 1919) - this is a local group name [Terrill 1998:69] Yilbar-Kappa (Roth 1910:83) [Breen forthcoming paper on Biri]
Synonyms
Ilba, Eneby, Jilba, Moothaburra, Mungera, Mungerra, Munkeeburra, Pagulloburra, Pegulloburra, Yakaburra, Yuckaburra, Yukkaburra, Yuckaburra this is a local group name, Mootha burra
Comment
Comments: 
This is treated as a dialect of Biri E56 in Central Queensland by Terrill (1988:) and Breen (2009:225). Roth (1910:83 in Breen 2009:225) called the Charters Towers language 'Yilbar-Kappa'. A wordlist called 'Yuckaburra Dialect ... on the Cape River, Kennedy District Queensland' is described as being from a language or dialect spoken (with a slight difference between each) by Yuckaburra, Peghullaburra, Woccullaburra (Eel nation), Goondoolooburra (Emu nation), Monkeyburra and Monghuburra peoples (Chatfield, 1887:264 in Breen 2009:225). Dialects of the Biri language include Biri E56, Yangga E52, Miyan E50, Wirri E57, Gabulbarra E45, Baradha E48, Baranha E53, Yambina E51, Yetimarala E63, Garaynbal E38, Gangulu E40 and the Brown River language (Breen, 2009, see 2009:234).
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri dialects and their neighbours. In Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 133(2):219-256.
  • Chatfield, William. 1874. Yuckaburra dialect. Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland Journal, Vol. 3. pp 261-264.
  • Roth, Walter Edmund. 1910. Social and individual nomenclature, North Queensland Ethnography Bulletin 18. Records of the Australian Museum 8(1):79-106.
  • Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri: Languages of the world 258. München: Lincom Europa.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
On Cape River west to Dividing Range; north to about Pentland Hills and Seventy Mile Range; on Campaspe River; east to about Suttor River; south to Lake Buchanan; at Natal Downs (Tindale 1974:168).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary) - unclear status
Grammar: 

Terrill, Angela. 1998. Biri. Munich: Lincom. Beale, Anthony. 1974. A grammar of the Biri language, ms.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupYilbaBiri* (or Biria, Birigaba) Beale (1974) (note that Terrill 1998 is a publication of some of Beale's materials) further dialects: Gangulu, Wirri (or Widi), Yilba, Baradha, Yambina, Yetimarala, Garanjbal, Yangga
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricYilba
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariYilba
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariYilba
Wurm (1972)Pama-MaricMariIlba
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariIlba