E45: Gabulbarra

AIATSIS code: 
E45
AIATSIS reference name: 
Gabulbarra

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Gabalbara
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kabalbara
Thesaurus heading language
Gabulbarra language E45
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gabalbara language (E45) (Qld SF55-12)
Tindale (1974)
none
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kabalbara, Kaiabara, Yettimaralla
Glottocode
-
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Gabulbara, Gabalbara, Kabalbara, Kabelbara, Kaiabara, Yettimaralla, Gabelbara, none
Comment
Comments: 
Breen assumes that Gabulbarra (E45) is a people name which refers to a group from Central Queensland who spoke a Biri E56 dialect. The name is based on 'gabul' the word for 'carpet snake' thus 'carpet snake people'. There is no linguistic information available for Gabulbarra (2009:228-9). Dialects of the Biri language include Biri E56, Yangga E52, Yilba E55, Miyan E50, Wirri E57, Baradha E48, Baranha E53, Yambina E51, Yetimarala E63, Garaynbal E38, Gangulu E40 and the Brown River language (Breen, 2009).
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2009. The Biri Dialects and their Neighbours. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 133(2):219-256.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential no data
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
West of Mackenzie and Isaac rivers to Peak Range; north nearly to Cotherstone (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
-
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (vocabulary)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)GREATER MARIC GROUPMaric proper subgroupGabulbaraBidjara* Breen (1973, 1981a) further dialects: Gungabula, Marrganj, Gunja, Wadjigu, Gayiri, Dharawala, Wadjalang, Wadjabangayi, Yiningayi, Yanjdjibara, Mandandanjdji, Guwamu, Gunggari, Ganulu, Gabulbara, Wadja, Nguri
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganMaricGabalbara
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGabalbara
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganMaricMariGabelbara
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKabalbara
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPama-MaricMariKabelbara