G12: Ayerrerenge

AIATSIS code: 
AIATSIS reference name: 


Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
ABS name
Horton name
Bularnu (Ayerrerenge)
Ethnologue name
ISO 639-3 code
Tindale name
Tindale (1974)
Yaroinga, Yarroinga, Yaringa (name applied to a creek), Yorrawinga, Yarrowin, Jurangka (Iliaura name), Manda (southern horde near Urandangi), Pulanja (language name), Bulanja, Bulanu.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Jarionga, Yaroinga, Yarroinga, Yorrowinga, Yarrowin
Other sources
Yaroinga [Roth 1897] Jaroinga [Breen 1971]
Bularnu, Jaroinga, Yaroinga, Jaroinga; Jurangka, Manda, Yaringa, Yarroinga, Yarrowin, Yorrawinga, Jaroinga; Jarionga, Yaro inga, Yarrowinga, Juruwinga, Yaruwinga, Ayerrerenge, Yorrowinga, Yuruwinga, Yaruwinga, Bulanja, Bulanu, Jarionga, Jurangka, Pulanja, Ayerrereng, Arandic

Ayerrenge is an Arandic language C48 variety. Breen (2001:56) indicates that Ayerrereng (G12) (meaning 'out of the east' in Ayerrereng; 'out of the north' in western dialects), sometimes called Araynepenh, is more closely related to Antekerrepenh C12 than to Alyawarr C14.

Another name for Ayerrerenge, Yaruwinga (and Yuruwinga), was recorded as Jaroinga by Capell (1963) and by Tindale (1974).

Wilkins (in Henderson 2013:12) provides an overview of the Arandic languages with two major sub-groups: Artwe (~Urtwe) composed of Upper Arrernte (Eastern Arrernte (C48), Western Arrernte C47, Alyawarr C14 and Anmatyerr C8.1) and Lower Arrernte (Lower South Arandic). The other major subgroup is called Artweye, with one member Kaytetye C13. See also Pertame C46; Lower Arrernte C29; Antekerrepenhe C12 and Akarre C28.


  • Breen, Gavan. c1970. A description of the Waluwara language. MA Thesis. Monash University, Melbourne.
  • Breen, Gavan. 2001. The wonders of Arandic phonology. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Austalian languages, eds J Simpson, D Nash, M Laughren, P Austin and B Alpher, Pacific Linguistics 512, 45?69. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Henderson, John. 2013. Topics in Eastern and Central Arrernte Grammar. Muenchen: LINCOM Europa.
  • Menning, K. 1981. Sourcebook for central Australian languages / edited by David Nash. Alice Springs, NT:Institute for Aboriginal Development. (B M547.30/S1)
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
State / Territory: 
Location information: 

At Urandangi, Bathurst, Headingly, north to Lake Nash and Barkly Downs; east toward Mount Isa, Qld.; west to near Mount Hogarth and Argadargada (Tindale 1974). Breen's map (1970) identifies only one third of the area identified by Tindale (1974) as Jaroinga (G12). The rest is given as the location for Bulanu. This database adopts Breen's location.

Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Nyanganyatjara (A17 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).


Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Ayerrerenge (Breen) (from Aranda /ayerrere/ 'north'), Jaroinga (T,AC,O'G,RLS,orig.AIAS), Juruwinga (GB,AIAS), Yaroinga (SAW, Crawley, Petri, Hamlyn-Harris), Yaro-inga (R), Yarroinga (Roth), Yaruwinga (AIAS), Yorrowinga (RHM)
Classification of the language:
Arandic Group, Urtwa Subgroupc
Identification codes:
Oates '73: 66.1h
AIAS: G.012
Capell: G17
Present number and distribution of speakers:
Extinct (Breen).
Lake Nash area (RLS); along N.T.-Qld. border, west of Lanima territory (from Breen's map).
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Practical orthography:
None established. Arandic orthography applicable.
Word lists:
Breen 1971
Grammar or sketch grammar:
Material available on the language:
Breen, J.G. Transcript of 1 hour tape-recording.
---------- 1967. Preliminary report of linguistic survey of western Queensland, 1967. Melb., 12p. ts.
---------- 1968. Report to AIAS on field trip to western Queensland, 1968. 5p. (Data on languages and informants.)
---------- 1971. Aboriginal languages of western Queensland (preliminary version). Linguistic Communications 5:1-88. (100 item word list for 19 languages)
Roth, Walter E. 1897-1900. [Reports on Aborigines of Queensland.] Ms. (vocabulary of approx 200 words)
---------- 1897. Ethnological studies among the north-west- central Queensland Aborigines. Brisbane: Government Printer. (part of "Upper Georgina")
---------- 1910. Social and individual nomenclature. Australian Museum. Records. 8.1:79-106. (Internal divisions of groups in tabular form for 8 groups.)
Literacy material:

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
Year Source Speaker numbers

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
not available
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)   ARANDIC AREAL GROUP   Ayerrerenge Arrernte (Aranda) Strehlow (1944), Wilkins (1989), Yallop (1977) dialects: Anmatjirra (Anmatyerr), Aljawarra (Alyawarr), Ayerrerenge, Antekerrepenhe, Ikngerripenhe (Eastern Aranda), Mparntwe Arrernte (Central Aranda), Tyuretye Arrernte or Arrernte Alturlerenj (Western Aranda), Pertame(Southern Aranda), Alenjerntarrpe (Lower Aranda)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Arandic   Yuruwinga  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Yuruwinga  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Yaruwinga  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Yaroinga  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Jaroinga