C29: Lower Arrernte

AIATSIS code: 
C29
AIATSIS reference name: 
Lower Arrernte

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
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O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Alenjerntarrpe, Lower Aranda, Arrernte Imarnt, Arandic
Comment
Comments: 
Lower Arrernte is also called Arrernte Imarnt 'solid Arrernte') (Breen, 2001:67). Wilkins (in Henderson 2013:12) provides an overview of the Arandic languages with two major sub-groups: Artwe (~Urtwe) composed of Upper Arrernte (Eastern Arrernte, Western Arrernte C47, Alyawarr C14 and Anmatyerr C8.1) and Lower Arrernte (C29). The other major subgroup is called Artweye, with one member Kaytetye C13. See also Arrernte C8, Pertame C46; Ayerrerenge G12; Antekerrepenhe C12 and Akarre C28. Previously the Thesaurus did not distinguish Lower Arrernte from Arrernte C8. Consequently items in the AIATSIS catalogue indexed with the 'Arrernte language (C8) (NT SG53-02)' heading may be relevant.
References: 
  • Breen, Gavan. 2001. The wonders of Arandic phonology. In Forty Years on : Ken Hale and Australian languages, eds. Simpson, Jane, David Nash, Mary Laughren, Peter Austin and Barry Alpher, 45-69.
  • Hale, Kenneth L. 1962. Internal relationships in Arandic of Central Australia. In Some linguistic types in Australia, ed. A. Capell, 171-185. Sydney: University of Sydney.
  • Henderson, John. 2013. Topics in eastern and central Arrernte grammar. Muenchen : LINCOM Europa.
  • Koch, Harold. 2001. Basic vocabulary of the Arandic languages: from classification to reconstruction. In Forty years on: Ken Hale and Australian languages, ed. Jane Simpson, et al., 71-87. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Koch, Harold. 2004. The Arandic subgroup of Australian languages. In Australian languages: classification and the comparative method, eds Claire Bowern and Harold Koch, 127-150. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
SA
Location information: 
Lower Arrernte that was spoken around the Overland Telegraph Line's station constructed in 1872 at Charlotte Waters, just north of the border between South Australia and the Northern Territory (Koch 2004:127). Dalhousie area, S.A. (KH) (Oates 1975: 154).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Hale & O'Grady
Indigenous organisations: 
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) ARANDIC AREAL GROUP Alenjerntarrpe (Lower Aranda) Arrernte (Aranda) Strehlow (1944), Wilkins (1989), Yallop (1977) dialects: Anmatjirra (Anmatyerr), Aljawarra (Alyawarr), Ayerrerenge, Antekerrepenhe, Ikngerripenhe (Eastern Aranda), Mparntwe Arrernte (Central Aranda), Tyuretye Arrernte or Arrernte Alturlerenj (Western Aranda), Pertame(Southern Aranda), Alenjerntarrpe (Lower Aranda)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Lower Aranda
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Lower Aranda