C8.1: Anmatyerr

AIATSIS Code: 
C8.1
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Anmatyerr

tab group

Name
ABN Name
Anmatyerre language
ABS Name
Anmatyerr
Horton Name
Anmatyerre
Ethnologue name
Anmatyerre
ISO 639-3 code
amx
Tindale name
Anmatjera
Thesaurus heading
Anmatyerre / Anmatyerr language (C8.1) (NT SF53-09)
Tindale (1974)
Nmatjera (valid variant), Unmatjera (principally Aranda version), Imatjera, Anmatjara, Urmitchee, Janmadjara and Janmadjari (of Walpiri), Janmatjiri (of Pintubi), Yanmedjara, Yanmadjari.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Unmatjera, Imatjera, Urmitchee
Glottocode
anma1239
Other sources
Anmatjere, Anmajirra [Green 2010:ix$6909]
Synonyms
Anmatjirra
Anmatyerre
Anmatjera
Unmatjera
Imatjera
Urmitchee
Anmadjara
Anmatjere
Anmajirra
Nmatjera
Anmatjara
Janmadjara
Janmadjari
Janmatjiri
Yanmedjara
Yanmadjari
Comment
Language comment
Green (2010: vii) mentions an 'older type' of Anmatyerr (C8.1) spoken in the central and western parts of Anmatyerr country called 'Kal Ntheyelkwer' or 'Ntheyelkwer' and describes variation in modern times – a Central dialect (spoken in communities including Ti Tree and those to the west) and an Eastern dialect (including Stirling and the Sandover communities). No dialect names are provided. Wilkins (in Henderson 2013:12) provides an overview of the Arandic languages with two major sub-groups: Artwe (~Urtwe) composed of Upper Arrernte (Eastern Arrernte, Western Arrernte C47, Alyawarr C14, Anmatyerr (C8.1), and Lower Arrernte C29 (Lower South Arandic). The other major subgroup is called Artweye, with one member Kaytetye C13. See also Arrernte C8, Pertame C46; Lower Arrernte C29; Ayerrerenge G12; Antekerrepenhe C12 and Akarre C28.
References

Breen, Gavan. 2001. The wonders of Arandic phonology. In Forty Years on : Ken Hale and Australian languages, eds. Simpson, Jane, David Nash, Mary Laughren, Peter Austin and Barry Alpher, 45-69.
Carew, Margaret. 2010. Anmatyerr Angkety Angkwey: Anmatyerr stories about the old days. Ngoonjook: a Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues 35:44-59.
Green, Jenny & Kitty Peltharr. 2000. Alherramp-areny angkety arelh-kenh = Women's stories from Laramba. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Green, Jenny. 2003. Central Anmatyerr Picture Dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Green, Jenny. 2010. Central & Eastern Anmatyerr to English dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Henderson, John. 2013. Topics in Eastern and Central Arrernte Grammar. Muenchen: LINCOM Europa.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Forster Range, Mount Leichhardt, Conistan, Stuart Bluff Range east of West Bluff; at Hann and Reynolds Ranges; on Burt Plain north of Rembrandt Rocks and Connor Well; east to Woodgreen; northeast to central Mount Stuart and Harper Springs (Tindale 1974). ... the region extends roughly from Mt Allan in the west to some of the Sandover outstations in the east, and from Stirling in the north to around Native Gap in the south (Green 2010:vii) Contemporary location : Some of the main communities where Anmatyerr is spoken are Yuelamu (Mt Allan), Laramba (Napperby), Pulardi (Desert Bore), Ti Tree, Ti Tree Six Mile, Stirling, some of the outstations on Utopia (the Angarapa Land Trust), Mulga Bore and Adelaide Bore. Many Anmatyerr people also live in regional centres, such as Alice Springs, and in other communities, such as Yuendumu and Engawala (Alcoota) (Green 2010:vii). Carew also names Aileron as a contemporary location (2010:45).
Maps
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Institute for Aboriginal Development. 2002. Central Australian Aboriginal languages: current distribution. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Oates 1973 Senate 1984 Schmidt 1990 Census 1996 Census 2001 NILS 2004 2005 estimate Census 2006
- 800 incl. with Arrente 1220 864 1000-1500 900 1002
Speaker NILS table
6 6 8 8
1-19 years 20-39 years 40-59 years 60+
NILS endangerment grade
5
Documentation
Document Score: 
12
Documentation table: 
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Text Collection Large (more than 200 pages) 4
Grammar A few articles 1
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Vocabulary)
Grammar: 
Dictionary: 
Green, Jenny. 2003. Central Anmatyerr picture dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press. Purle, Cookie, Jenny Green and Margaret Heffernan. 1984. Anmatyerre word list. Alice Springs: IAD Press. Green, Jenny. 2010. Central & Eastern Anmatyerr to English dictionary. Alice Springs: IAD Press.
Programs
Activities: 
Jenny Green has conducted intensive fieldwork over many years, working with almost 100 speakers, mostly in Mt Allan, Napperby, Ti Tree, Stirling and the Sandover communities. This work has produced more than 250 hours of transcribed language recordings, many field notes and language materials, all compiled in a database. A comprehensive dictionary was also produced, with the help of young people working on teaching language and culture in Anmatyerr schools. In recent years the Anmatyerr Angkety database has been developed, incorporating material from activities such as a 2008 oral history project. This database brings together text, photographs, audio and video material, and is accessible at the Ti Tree Library Indigenous Knowledge Centre (Carew 2010:45, 59).
People: 
Jenny Green, Adam Kendon, Jeannie Devitt, N.B. Tindale, Ken Hale, Avery Andrews, Gavan Breen
Indigenous organisations: 
Classification
Classification table: 
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Arandic   Anmatyerre Anmatyerre [dialects: Eastern Anmatyerre, Western Anmatyerre (Kalenthelkwe, Kelenthwelkere, Kelentheyewelrere)]
Dixon (2002)   ARANDIC AREAL GROUP   Anmatjirra (Anmatyerr) Arrernte (Aranda) Strehlow (1944), Wilkins (1989), Yallop (1977) dialects: Anmatjirra (Anmatyerr), Aljawarra (Alyawarr), Ayerrerenge, Antekerrepenhe, Ikngerripenhe (Eastern Aranda), Mparntwe Arrernte (Central Aranda), Tyuretye Arrernte or Arrernte Alturlerenj (Western Aranda), Pertame(Southern Aranda), Alenjerntarrpe (Lower Aranda)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Arandic   Anmatjirra  
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Anmatjirra  
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Anmadjara  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Anmatjera  
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Arandic Urtwa Anmatjera