G4: Rakaya

AIATSIS code: 
G4
AIATSIS reference name: 
Rakaya

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Pitta-Pitta (Rakkai)
Ethnologue name
Pitta Pitta [Ragaya]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Rakkaia
Thesaurus heading language
Rakaya language G4
Thesaurus heading (old)
Raggaja language (G4) (Qld SF54-14)
Tindale (1974)
Rukkia
O'Grady et al (1966)
Rukkia
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Rakaia [Breen 1971] Rakaya, Rukkia, Rakkaia [Blake 1979:184] Rukkia (Roth), Rakkaia (Tindale), Raggaja (Capell), Rakaia [Blake and Breen 1971:170]
Synonyms
Pitta Pitta, Rakkaia, Rukkia
Comment
Comments: 
According to Blake (1979:183), Pitta-Pitta G6, Ringu-Ringu G7, Mayawarli L40, Kunkalanya G3, Ngulupulu G40, Karanya L32, and Rakaya are dialects of a language for which there is no obvious name.
References: 
  • Blake, Barry. 1979. Pitta-Pitta. In Dixon, R M W & Blake, Barry (eds.). Handbook of Australian languages vol. 1. 182-242. Canberra/ANU Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Blake, Barry, and Gavan Breen. 1971. The Pitta-Pitta dialects: Linguistic Communications 4. Melbourne: Monash University.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
At Coorabulka (Roth 1897 as quoted in Blake and Breen 1971:10). From Coorabulka west to the Georgina River and the eastern vicinity of Breadalbane (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuPitta Pitta [Ragaya]Pitta Pitta [dialects: Related to Gangalanya, Garanya, Lhanima, Ngurlubulu, Ragaya, Rangwa, Yurlayurlanya, which may be extinct, and Wanggamala.]
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPNorth and west Lake Eyre Basin group Blake and Breen (1971)RakayaPitta-Pitta (Pitha-Pitha)* Blake (1979b) further dialects: Ringu-Ringu, Rakaya, Ngulupulu, Karanja, Kunkalanja, Mayawarli
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicRagaya
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuRagaya
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuRagaya
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPittapitticRakkaia
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPittapitticRakkaia is a dialect of Wangkadjera in O andVRakkaia