G7: Ringu Ringu

AIATSIS code: 
G7
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ringu Ringu

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Pitta-Pitta (Ringaringa)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ringaringa
Thesaurus heading language
Ringu Ringu language G7
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ringu Ringu language (G7) (Qld SF54-14)
Tindale (1974)
Ringoringo, Ringu-ringu, Ringa-ringaroo (not Rungo Rungo), Yuntauntaya, Njuntauntaya.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ringoringo, Ringa Ringa, Ringa Oringaroo
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Ringoringo, Ringu-Ringu, Ringa-Ringaroo [Blake 1979:184] Ringa-ringa, Ringa-Ringaroo (both Curr), Ringuringu, Ringoringo, Ringa-ringaroo (all Tindale), Ringa Ringa, Ringa Oringaroo (both O'Grady), Ringo-Ringo (Roth), Ringa-Ringah (J.Lett), Ringa-Ringa [Blake and Breen 1971:170]
Synonyms
Pitta Pitta, Ringaringa, Karanja, Kungkalenja, Pitapita, Rakkaia, Njuntauntaya, Oringaroo, Ringa, Ringa Oringaroo, RingaRinga, Ringa Ringa, Ringa ringaroo, Ringoringo, Ringu ringu, Ringuringu, Runga Rungawah, Rungo Rungo, Yuntauntaya, Ringa Ringaroo
Comment
Comments: 
According to Blake (1979:183), Pitta-Pitta G6, Ringu-Ringu, Mayawarli L40, Kunkalanya G3, Ngulupulu G40, Karanya L32, and Rakaya G4 are dialects of a language for which there is no obvious name.
References: 
  • Blake, Barry. 1979. Pitta-Pitta. In Dixon, R M W & Blake, Barry (eds.). Handbook of Australian languages vol. 1. 182-242. Canberra/ANU Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Blake, Barry, and Gavan Breen. 1971. The Pitta-Pitta dialects: Linguistic Communications 4. Melbourne: Monash University.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Marion Downs (Roth 1897 as quoted in Blake and Breen 1971:9). On Hamilton River south of Hamilton and Wa-renda; west to Boulia; on Burke River southwest to Marion Downs; east to near Lucknow (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Barry Blake
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPNorth and west Lake Eyre Basin group Blake and Breen (1971)Ringu-RinguPitta-Pitta (Pitha-Pitha)* Blake (1979b) further dialects: Ringu-Ringu, Rakaya, Ngulupulu, Karanja, Kunkalanja, Mayawarli
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicRinguringu
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuRinguringu
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuRinga-Ringa
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPittapitticRingaringa (Ringuringu)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPittapitticRinguringu