G3: Kunkalanya

AIATSIS code: 
G3
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kunkalanya

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Pitta-Pitta (Kungkalenja)
Ethnologue name
Pitta Pitta [Gangalanya]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Kungkalenja
Thesaurus heading language
Kunkalanya language G3
Thesaurus heading (old)
Gunggalanya language (G3) (Qld SF54-13)
Tindale (1974)
Kunkulenje, Koonkoolenya, Koomkoolenya, Koon-kalinga, Koonkalinye.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Kungkalenja, Kungkulenje, Koonkodenya, Kiomkoolenya, Koonkalinya
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Koon-Kalinga (Field 1898); Kunkalanya (Koch); Kunkalanya, Kunkulenje, Koonkoolenya, Koomkoolenya, Koonkalinga,and Koonkalinye (Blake 1979:184); Kungkalenja, Kunkulenje, Koonkoolenya, Koomkoolenya (All Tindale), Kungkulenje, Koonkodenya, Kiomkoolenya, Koonkalinya (all O'Grady), Gunggalenja, Kunkalanja (both Capell), Koon-Kalinga (W.G. Field), and Gunggalanja [Blake and Breen (1971:170)]
Synonyms
Kunkalanja, Pitta Pitta, Kungkalenya, Kunkulenje, Koonkoolenya, Koomkoolenya, Koon kalinga, Koonkalinye
Comment
Comments: 
According to Blake (1979:183), Pitta-Pitta G6, Ringu-Ringu G7, Mayawarli L4, Kunkalanya, Ngulupulu G40, Karanya L32, and Rakaya G4 are dialects of a language for which there is no obvious name.
References: 
  • Bowern, Claire. 2004. The origins of tense-based case marking in Pitta-Pitta and Wangkajutjuru. Australian Journal of Linguistics 24(2):163-183.
  • Blake, Barry. 1979. Pitta-Pitta. In Dixon, R M W & Blake, Barry (eds.). Handbook of Australian languages vol. 1. 182-242. Canberra/ANU Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Blake, Barry, and Gavan Breen. 1971. The Pitta-Pitta dialects: Linguistic Communications 4. Melbourne: Monash University.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
... at Mooraboola (present spelling Moorabula) (Blake and Breen 1971:11). On the Georgina River north of Bedourie, from Moorabulla west to near Mulligan River; north on Sylvester Creek to about Talaera Springs (not identified)(Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
0
People: 
0
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates0
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuPitta Pitta [Gangalanya]Pitta Pitta [dialects: Related to Gangalanya, Garanya, Lhanima, Ngurlubulu, Ragaya, Rangwa, Yurlayurlanya, which may be extinct, and Wanggamala.]
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPNorth and west Lake Eyre Basin group Blake and Breen (1971)KunkalanjaPitta-Pitta (Pitha-Pitha)* Blake (1979b) further dialects: Ringu-Ringu, Rakaya, Ngulupulu, Karanja, Kunkalanja, Mayawarli
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicGungalanya
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuGungalanya
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicPalkuGungalanya
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganPittapitticKungkalenya
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganPittapitticKungkalenya