L14: Dhirari

AIATSIS Code: 
L14
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Dhirari

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Dhirari
Ethnologue name
Dirari
ISO 639-3 code
dit
Tindale name
Tirari
Thesaurus heading
Dhirari / Dirari language (L14) (SA SH54-01)
Tindale (1974)
Terari (valid alternative pronunciation).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
dira1238
Other sources
Thirrari [Austin, Hercus & Jones 1988:115]
Synonyms
Dirari
Tirari
Dhirrari
Thirrari
Terari
Comment
Language comment
Austin (1976:757) says that Dhirari and Diyari L17 are dialects of one language. Trefry (1984:171) remarks that Diari L17 is a dialect of an unnamed language, noting that the relationship between the languages of the area is uncertain. The diagram on page 171 suggests that there may be more members of this unnamed language than Tirari (L14) and Diari. Austin (1981:5) reiterates his earlier observation of the close relationship between Dhirari and Diyari, but also identifies evidence of there being at least two dialects of Dhirari. He says the data in Reuther, collected at Killalpaninna (Northern Dhirari L69), differs from data originating in Muloorina (Southern Dhirari L70) in terms of vocabulary (69% common) but phonologically the two are nearly identical. According to Breen (1976:745), Dhirari forms a dialect chain with Ngamini L22, Midhaga L34, Dieri L17, Yaluyandi L31 and Garwali L35.
References

Austin, Peter. 1976. Simple and compound verbs: conjugation by auxiliaries in Australian verbal systems: Dhirari. In Dixon (ed.)Grammatical categories in Australian languages, pp. 757-763. (B D621.81/G1)
Austin, Peter. 1981. A grammar of Diyari, South Australia: Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Breen, Gavan. 1976. Ngamini, and a note on Midhaga. In R.M.W. Dixon (ed.) Grammatical categories in Australian languages, Linguistic Series No. 22, pp. 745-50. Canberra: AIAS. (B D621.81/G1)
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Trefry, David. 1984. Diari segmental phonology. Pacific linguistics A-68, pp. 171-327. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
SA
Location information
immediately to the west of the Diyari, around the eastern shore of Lake Eyre (Austin 1981). Eastern shore of Lake Eyre from Muloorina north to Warburton River; east to Killalapaninna; a small tribe now extinct (Tindale 1974).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
----
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
10
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
not available
Grammar: 
Austin, Peter. 1981. A grammar of Diyari, South Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dictionary: 
Reuther, J.G. Reuther comparative 7, ASEDA 0379.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Peter Austin, Luise Hercus, Johann Reuther
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganKarnicKarnaDirari
Dixon (2002)LAKE EYRE BASIN AREAL GROUPCentral Lake Eyre Basin areal groupDhirariDiyari* Austin (1981a) further dialects: Dhirari, Pilardapa
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganKarnicDirari
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganKarnicDiyari/KarnaDirari
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganKarnicKarnaDhirari
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganDiericKarnaTirari
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)