N15: Emmi

AIATSIS code: 
N15
AIATSIS reference name: 
Emmi

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Name
ABN name
Ami language
ABS name
Arnhem Land and Daly River Region Languages, nec (Emmi)
Horton name
Maranunggu (Ami)
Ethnologue name
Ami
ISO 639-3 code
amy
Tindale name
Amijangal
Thesaurus heading language
Emmi language N15
Thesaurus heading (old)
Emmi / Ami Ami language (N15) (NT SD52-07)
Tindale (1974)
Ami
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
amii1238
Other sources
Berringin (Basedow 1906) [Ford 1998 - today the term 'Berringin' is used by outsiders to refer to the Marrithiyel (N7)] Emmi, Emi, Ami, Emmi Yangal (the name for the people who own the Emmi language), Amijanal, Murrinh Menthe (name used by Murrinh-patha speakers), Murrinh Emi [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Emmi/Merranunggu, Warrgat, Arnhem Land, Daly River Region Languages, Ami, Maranunggu, Amijangal, Emmiyangal, Manhthi Yangal, Maranjwarrgat, Menhtha, Merranunggu, Ami Ami, Ame, Berringin
Comment
Comments: 
According to Top End handbook, Emmi, Marranj Warrgat N13 and Menthe N6 are in a dialectal relationship, and the language comprising Emmi, Menthe and Marranj Warrgat is called Marranj N215* by linguists.
References: 
  • Ford, Lysbeth Julie. 1998. A description of the Emmi language of the Northern Territory of Australia, Australian National University: PhD.
  • Ford, Lysbeth Julie. 2013. A description of the Emmi language of the Northern Territory of Australia. Muenchen : LINCOM EUROPA (published version of the above PhD thesis)
  • Basedow, Herbert. 1907. Anthropological notes on the western coastal tribes of the Northern Territory of South Australia. Royal Society of South Australia -- Transactions 31:1-62.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Baker, Brett. New Top End Handbook (FileMaker database). (ASEDA 0626).
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Traditional territory: Between Banagaya (red Cliff) and Mabulhuk (Cape Ford) (Ford 1998:8). Current speakers are in Belyuen, a Government settlement on the Cox Peninsula, Bagal, an outstation on the coast of Anson Bay and Wadeye (Ford 1998). from Cape Ford to a point about 18 1/2 miles north of Point Pearce (Basedow 1907:2). Stanner (1970 MS) maps them as on the coast south of the mouth of Daly River, extending south to about Red Cliff (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Lysbeth Ford
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates40
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionSmall (20-100 pages)2
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visual1-102
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Ford, Lysbeth. 1998. A description of the Emmi language of the Northern Territory of Australia. Australian National University, PhD thesis.

Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)DalyBringen-WagaydyWagaydyAmiAmi [dialects: May be intelligible with Wadjiginy]
Dixon (2002)DALY RIVER AREAL GROUPWestern Daly subgroup*Emmi/Merranunggu(=Warrgat)Emmi/Merranunggu(=Warrgat) Ford (1998) further dialects Menhthe (close to Emmi)
Wurm (1994)DalyBringen-WagaydyAmi
Walsh (1981)DalyBringen-WagaydyWagaydy (Wogaidy)Ami
Oates (1975)DalyBringen-WagadjWagadjAme
Wurm (1972)DalyBrinken-WagatyWagatyAme
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)