N2: Yilngali

AIATSIS code: 
N2
AIATSIS reference name: 
Yilngali

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Jilngali
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Ilngali, Nungali (variation due to prefixing language).
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Ilngali, Jilngali, Nungali
Comment
Comments: 
Yilngali is associated with the non-Pama Nyungan Western Mirndi languages of the Barkly Tableland, however its status is uncertain. Capell lists Jilngali (~Yilngali) (N2) and recommends comparison with Djamindjung N18 and Nungali N28 (1966). Shultze-Berndt says the name may be a term used by a neighbouring language group to refer to Jaminjung N18 (2000:7). Cleverly (1968:3) describes 'other dialects' of Jaminjung N18 as Ngaliwuru N19, Nungali N28 and Jilngali (N2), noting that Yilngali 'may be the name given to Djamindjung by a neighbouring tribe, the Gadjerong' K37.1. Shaw's collaborators indicate that speakers perceive Yilngali as distinct from Jaminjung N18 (1992 etc). Tindale describes Nungali N28 as an alternative name for Jilngali (1974:227).
References: 
  • Cleverly, John R. 1968. A preliminary study of the phonology and grammar of Djamindjung, University of New England: MA. (MS 490)
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Schultze-Berndt, Eva. 2000. Simple and complex verbs in Jaminjung: a study of event categorisation in an Australian language, Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen: PhD.
  • Shaw, Bruce. 1992. When the dust come in between: Aboriginal viewpoints in the East Kimberley prior to 1982, as told to Bruce Shaw. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
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Location information: 
North of Fitzmaurice River on headwaters of Fish River; some migrated west to the lower reaches of the Fitzmaurice in historical time (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)DjamindjunganYilngali
Wurm (1972)DjamindjunganJilngali
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)DjamindjunganJilngali