N19: Ngaliwurru

AIATSIS code: 
N19
AIATSIS reference name: 
Ngaliwurru

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Name
ABN name
Ngaliwuru language
ABS name
Ngaliwurru
Horton name
Ngaliwuru
Ethnologue name
Djamindjung [Ngaliwuru]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Ngaliwuru
Thesaurus heading language
Ngaliwurru language N19
Thesaurus heading (old)
Ngaliwuru language (N19) (NT SE52-03)
Tindale (1974)
Ngaliwerun
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Ngaliwurru [Top End Handbook, Katherine Regional Aboriginal Language Centre] Ngaliwuru [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
DjamindjungINgaliwuru, Djamindjung, Ngaliwuru, Ngaliwerun
Comment
Comments: 
Ngaliwurru (N19) is non-Pama Nyungan language from the Barkly Tableland in the Northern Territory and classified as a member of the Western Mirndi group. Harvey says Ngaliwurru is extremely endangered (2008:4). The Mirndi languages are spread across two geographically non-contiguous areas: Western Mirndi with 'Jaminjungan' (Jaminjung, Ngaliwurru N19) and Nungali N28. Eastern Mirndi with Jingulu C22, Ngarnka N121 and 'Wambayan' (see Binbinka N138, Gudanji C26, Wambaya C19) (Harvey 2008:1-3). Nordlinger describes the first group located in the geographic west: Jaminjung N18, Naliwuru N19 and Nungali (N28), and in the geographic east the 'West Barkly' set consisting of Jingili C22 and the 'Eastern Group' of Ngarnga N121 and the McArthur language (aka 'Wambayan') (1998:4). See also Yilngali N2.
References: 
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Proto Mirndi: a discontinuous language family in northern Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Nordlinger, Rachel. 1998. A grammar of Wambaya, Northern Territory (Australia): Pacific Linguistics C-140. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics
  • Schultze-Berndt, Eva. 2000. Simple and complex verbs in Jaminjung: a study of event categorisation in an Australian language, Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen: PhD.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
Murranginy (One Mile), Myatt (Five Mile), Gilwi (Eleven Mile) and Fitzroy Station (Shultze-Berndt 2000) The general associations were to the upland country on the southern side of the Victoria from Stokes Range to Newcastle Range and south to the boundary with the Humbert River drainage. The Humbert River drainage was associated with Ngarinyman. The following areas and sites were associated with Ngaliwurru: Kidman Springs, Jasper Gorge, Stokes Range, Bardia Yard, Dodger Spring Yard, Bullita, the drainage of the East Baines upstream from the Newcastle Range (Harvey ASEDA 802)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Janet Bolt, Neil Chadwick, William Hoddinott, Francesca Merlan, Eva Schultze-Berndt, Katherine Regional Aboriginal Language Centre, Mirima Dawang Woorlabgerring Language Centre
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates230-330
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt100
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS12
2005Estimate12
2006Census117
2011Census-
2016Census29

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarLarge grammar (more than 200 pages)4
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Bolt, Janet. 1971. An elementary grammar of the Ngaliwuru language of the Northern Territory, ms.

Dictionary: 
Hoddinott, William. Ngaliwuru and Nungali word lists, ms.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)DjamindjunganDjamindjung [Ngaliwuru]
Dixon (2002)MINDI SUBGROUPWest Mindi subgroup*DjamindjungINgaliwuruDjamindjung/Ngaliwuru Cleverly (1968), Bolt, Hoddinott and Kofod (1971a), Schultze-Berndt (2000).
Wurm (1994)DjamindjunganNgaliwuru
Walsh (1981)DalyDjamindjunganNgaliwuru
Oates (1975)DjamindjunganNgaliwuru
Wurm (1972)DjamindjunganNgaliwuru
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)DjamindjunganNgaliwuru