N28: Nungali

AIATSIS code: 
N28
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nungali

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Nungali
Horton name
Nungali
Ethnologue name
Nungali
ISO 639-3 code
nug
Tindale name
Jilngali (Nungali)
Thesaurus heading language
Nungali language N28
Thesaurus heading (old)
Nungali language (N28) (NT SD52-12)
Tindale (1974)
Ilngali, Nungali (variation due to prefixing language).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
nung1291
Other sources
Synonyms
Nungulu, Jilngali, Ilngali
Comment
Comments: 
Nungali (N28) is non-Pama Nyungan language from the Barkly Tableland in the Northern Territory and classified as a member of the Western Mirndi group. The Mirndi languages are spread across two geographically non-contiguous areas: Western Mirndi with Nungali and 'Jaminjungan' (Jaminjung N18, Ngaliwurru N19) and Eastern Mirndi, with Jingulu C22, Ngarnka N121 and 'Wambayan' (see Binbinka N138, Gudanji C26, Wambaya C19). It is not certain if Nungali is a distinct language or a divergent dialect of 'Jaminjungan' (Harvey 2008:1-3). Nordlinger describes the first group located in the geographic west: Jaminjung N18, Naliwuru N19 and Nungali (N28), and in the geographic east the 'West Barkly' set consisting of Jingili C22 and the 'Eastern Group' of Ngarnga N121 and the McArthur language (aka 'Wambayan') (1998:4). Bolt, Hoddinott and Kofod say that Nungali, a member of the Djamindjungan family, is 'a multiple classifying language within the prefixing group of Aboriginal languages', though Djamindjung N18 and Ngaliwuru N19 - other members of the family - are not classifying languages (1971:1). See also Yilngali N2.
References: 
  • Bolt, J., W.G. Hoddinott & F.M. Kofod. 1971. An elementary grammar of the Nungali language of the Northern Territory. Armidale. (MS 212)
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
  • Harvey, Mark. 2008. Proto Mirndi: a discontinuous language family in northern Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Nordlinger, Rachel. 1998. A grammar of Wambaya, Northern Territory (Australia): Pacific Linguistics C-140. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics
  • Schultze-Berndt, Eva. 2000. Simple and complex verbs in Jaminjung: a study of event categorisation in an Australian language, Katholieke Universiteit Nijmegen: PhD.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NT
Location information: 
... between Jaminjung and Ngaliwuru, extends east of Ngaliwurru country along both sides of the Victoria River, bordering on Wardaman country at Langgayi (Victoria River Crossing), Murranginy (One Mile), Myatt (Five Mile), Gilwi (Eleven Mile) and Fitzroy Station (Schultze-Berndt 2000). The general associations were to the valley of the Victoria between Big Horse Creek and Clean Skin Yard. The following places were associated with Nungali: Timber Creek, Fitzroy homestead, Coolibah homestead, Victoria River Crossing (Harvey ASEDA 802). ... the area between the Fitzmaurice and Upper Daly Rivers. [Bold, Hoddinott & Kofod n.d.:1).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Janet Bolt, W Hoddinott, Katherine Regional Aboriginal Language Centre
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS4
2005Estimate4
2006Census0
2011Census11
2016Census58

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionLess than 20 pages1
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Bolt, Janet. 1971. An elementary grammar of the Nungali language of the Northern Territory, ms.

Dictionary: 
Hoddinott, William. Ngaliwuru and Nungali word lists, ms. Bolt, Janet. 1971. An elementary grammar of the Nungali language of the Northern Territory.
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)DjamindjunganNungali
Dixon (2002)MINDI SUBGROUPWest Mindi subgroup*NungaliNungali Bolt, Hoddinott and Kofod (1971b)
Wurm (1994)DjamindjunganNungali
Walsh (1981)DalyDjamindjunganNungali
Oates (1975)DjamindjunganNungali
Wurm (1972)DjamindjunganNungali
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)DjamindjunganNungali