N60: Dalabon

AIATSIS Code: 
N60
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Dalabon

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
Dalabon
Horton Name
Dangbon
Ethnologue name
Ngalkbun (Dalabon)
ISO 639-3 code
ngk
Tindale name
Dalabon
Thesaurus heading
Dalabon / Dangbon language (N60) (NT SD53-02)
Tindale (1974)
Buan, Bu:wan, Boun, Ngalkbon,
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
ngal1292
Other sources
Dalabon, Gundalabon (Gunwinjgu version of the above), Dangbon (the name normally used by Gunwinjgu speakers), Dangbun , Ngalkbon (the name used by Jawoyn speakers), Ngalgbon, Ngalgbun , Dalabon, Dangbon and Ngalkbon consist of the word for “mouth” in the relevant language plus an element bon. Buan [Top End Handbook]
Synonyms
Ngalkbun
Dangbon
Dalabon ?Gundangbon
Dangbon/Dalabon
Gundalabon
Dangbun
Ngalkbon
Ngalgbon
Ngalgbun
Ngalkbon consist of the word for “mouth? in the relevant language plus an element bon
Buan
Bu:wan
Boun
Comment
Language comment
Dalabon is a non Pama-Nyungan language belonging to the Gunwinyguan group, located in the Northern Territory (Ross et al, 2016:56). Early records report that Gundangbon, Ngalakan, Dalabon and Ngalabon are all the one language (Harris in Oates & Oates 1970:12). Mackay and Woods report that Dangbon is the Gunwinjgu N65 word for Dalabon, adding that Dalabon 'is the same as Dangbon but rough' (in Oates, 1975:12) implying some difference. In explaining the etymology of the term Dalabon (dalû- 'mouth' + bon 'go'), Evans and Merlan mention that Dangbon (N60) and Ngalkbon N76 are 'parallel formations based on the root for "mouth" in Bininj Gun-wok' N186 'and Jawoyn' N57, 'used by speakers of each of those languages respectively, though Dalabon speakers will themselves sometimes use these forms, depending on who they are in frequent contact with. They also report that Buwan N89 tends to be used by Rembarrnga speakers and that it may reflect a regular sound correspondence of 'o' to 'uwa' (i.e. bon > buwan) ((2003:269). Cutfield (2011) expands on this, indicating that 'Dalabon is also known as Dangbon, Ngalkbon, or Buwan. These latter three names are terms used by the Kune N70 and Mayali N44, Jawoyn N57 and Rembarrnga N73 respectively, to refer to Dalabon.' Evans et al. (in Bordulk 2012:12) acknowledge some dialectal differences between Dangbon and Dalabon: 'There are a few differences between ‘Top End’ or northern Dalabon and ‘bottom end’ or southern Dalabon, which are sometimes characterized in terms of the difference between Dangbon and Ngalkbon.'
References

Berndt, R.M. 1951. Ceremonial exchange in Western Arnhem Land. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, vol.7, pp.156–176.Bordulk, Daisy et al. 2012. Dalabon plants and animals: Aboriginal biocultural knowledge from southern Anrhem Land, north Australia. Northern Territory Botanical Bulletin no.41. Darwin: Dept. of Land Resource Management.
Capell, Arthur. 1942a. Languages of Arnhem Land, Northern Australia. Oceania 12(4):364–192.
Capell, Arthur. 1942b. Languages of Arnhem Land, Northern Australia. Oceania 13(1):24–50Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
Cutfield, Sarah. 2011. Demonstratives in Dalabon : a language of southwestern Arnhem Land. Phd thesis, Melbourne University. (MS 4877)
Evans, N. & F. Merlan. 2003. 'Dalabon verb conjugations', in Nicholas Evans (ed.), The non-Pama-Nyungan languages of northern Australia: comparative studies of the continent's most linguistically complex region, Pacific Linguistics, Canberra, pp. 269-283.
Harvey, Mark. 2008. Non-Pama-Nyungan Languages: land-language associations at colonisation. AILEC 0802.
Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
Ross, Bella, janet Fletcher, Rachel Nordlinger. 2016. The Alignment of Prosody and Clausal Structure in Dalabon in Australian Journal of Linguistics, 36:1. pp 52-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07268602.2016.1109434.
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. University of California Press/ANU Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
NT
Location information
Dalabon basically occupies the north-eastern third of the Arnhem land sandstone plateau (Harvey 2007 p.c.). The general associations were to the Wilton River drainage above and including Bulman, and the Mann River drainage upstream approximately from the escarpment (Harvey AILEC 0802).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
-111
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
9
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word list2?
Text Collection2 (primers)
Grammar2?
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Ross, Belinda. 2003. The phonological/grammatical mismatch in the Dalabon word: a phonetic study, University of Melbourne: BA (Hons).
Dictionary: 
West, Lamont. 1964. Sketch dictionary of Dalabon and related languages of Central Arnhem Land, ms. Evans, Nicholas, Merlan, Francesca and Tukumba, Maggie. 2004. A first dictionary of Dalabon (Ngalkbon). Maningrida: Bawinanga Aboriginal Corporation
Programs
Activities: 
Diwurruwurru-jaru Aboriginal Corporation made a teacher's guide late 90's and also several video materials early 2000's. Barunga Press published several items mid 90's. Sarah Cutfield is running the Dalabon Oral Histories Project in order to train them in video-recording the oral histories of their elders in Dalabon (2006-2008).
People: 
Sarah Cutfield, Joy Harris, Kenneth Maddock, Adam Saulwick, Lamont West, Francesca Merlan, Nick Evnas, Katherine Regional Aboriginal Language Centre
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)GunwingguanNgalkbunNgalkbun (Dalabon)
Dixon (2002)ARNHEM LAND GROUPDalabonDalabon (or Dangbon or Ngalkbon or Buwan)
Wurm (1994)GunwinyguanGunwinygicDalabon
Walsh (1981)GunwinyguanGunwinygicDalabon
Oates (1975)GunwingguanGunwinjgicBininjDangbon/Dalabon
Wurm (1972)GunwingguanGunwinggicDangbon, Dalabon
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)GunwingguanBuanic  GunwinggicBi  BininDalabon Gundangbon