W12: Amangu

AIATSIS code: 
W12
AIATSIS reference name: 
Amangu

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Amangu
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Amangu
Thesaurus heading language
Amangu language W12
Thesaurus heading (old)
Amangu language (W12) (WA SH50-01)
Tindale (1974)
['amangu] = man, Jing ('ing = 'jing = no), Amangu, Emangu (valid variant with indeterminate initial vowel), Amandyo, Geraldton tribe, Merenji (of Widi tribe), Ying, Champion Bay tribe.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Ying
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Amandyo, Nhaaguja, Njaagurdi, Nyaakurti [Blevins 2001:3]
Synonyms
Amandyo, Amangoo, Champion Bay tribe, Ying, Emangu, Geraldton tribe, Jing, Merenji, Naakurdi, Njaagurdi, Nyaakurdi, Nyaakurti, Amangu/Njaagurdi, Nhaaguja, man
Comment
Comments: 
According to Blevins (2001:3), this is the southern dialect of Nhanda W14. Some sources consider Amangu to be a Noongar / Nyungar W41 dialect. This may be due to some sources treating the various names for Nhanhagardi A93 and Naaguja A101 as alternative names for Amangu. Oates (1975) treats Nanagarri A93 and Nanakati A93 as variants of a language she calls Amangu/Njaagurdi, perhaps because of their similarity with 'Njaagurdi' A101?, but Douglas (1976) says that Nanakati A93 is a dialect of Noongar / Nyoongar W41. Brandenstein (1967, PMS 2125), too, seems to allude to Naaguja A101 and Nanakati A93 possibly being the same. However, Douglas reports Nanakati A93 as being the language from the Mingenew area whereas Naaguja (and variants), by contrast, is associated with the coast. Like Oates, Blevins (2001) treats Nhaaguja A101, Njaagurdi A93? and Nyaakurti A93? as alternative names of Amangu, but says that Amangu is a Nhanda W14 language. Documentation on Nhanda / Nanda W14 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia: Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1967. Interim report, 17th July - 10th October 1967. (PMS 2125)
  • Douglas, Wilfrid H. 1976. The Aboriginal languages of the south-west of Australia, 2nd edition: Australian Aboriginal Studies, Research and Regional Studies 9. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
... from Geraldton (Champion Bay) south to Hill River and inland to Mullwea (Blevins 2001:3). At Champion Bay; from Chapman River and the southern vicinity of Geraldton south to Hill River; inland to near Mullewa, Morawa, and Carnamah. Southeastern boundary not well defined, somewhere north of Moora (Tindale 1974).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualLess than 11
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates)
Grammar: 

Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30 Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)MOORE RIVER TO GASCOYNE RIVER GROUPAmanguNhanta Blevins (2001) further dialects: Watchandi, Amangu
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)KarduAmangu/Njaagurdi
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)KarduAmangu
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestKarduAmangu