W14: Nhanda / Nanda^

AIATSIS Code: 
W14
AIATSIS Reference name: 
Nhanda / Nanda^

tab group

Name
ABN Name
-
ABS Name
-
Horton Name
Nhanta
Ethnologue name
Yinggarda [Nhanda]
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Nanda
Thesaurus heading
Nhanta / Nhanda language (W14) (WA SG50-13)
Tindale (1974)
Jau (['jo] = no), Yau, Eaw (J. Forrest, note in British Museum), Watjandi (['watju] = west), Watchandi, Watchandie, Buluguda (horde and place name), Bulgulu, Tamala (horde and place name), Daguda (horde).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Yaw, Eau
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Amangu (southern dialect form of Nhanda arnmanu 'man, person'. Amandyo), Eaw (i'u 'south' in Nhanda), Jau (would be a way of writin Nhanda ya'u 'none, nothing', Wathandi (probably wacu 'west' in Nhanda, Wadjandi, Wadyandi, Wahandie, Watjandee, Wajanmay, Watjandi, Watjanti, Wattandee, Wattandi), Wilunya (probably derived from wilu 'sea'. People are sometimes referred to as the Champion Bay tribe [Blevins 2001:2]
Synonyms
Nhanta
Yinggarda
Eaw
Watjanti
An gaur die
Bulgulu
Buluguda
Daguda
Eau
Jau
Nandatharia
Nanta
Ngoogooja
Nunnagundee
Tamala
Watchandi
Watchandie
Watjandi
Yau
Yaw
Amangu
Wilunya
Comment
Language comment
According to Blevins (2001:3) three dialects of Nhanda can be identified: Nhanda, the northernmost dialect, Watchandi W13, the central dialect, and Amangu W12, the southern dialect. Thus Nhanda is both a language name and a dialect name. Marmion (2007 p.c.) says that Ngukaja A101 reported by Gratte (PMS 5968, PMS 4878, MS 4134) might be a dialect of Nhanda as well. Tindale (1974) lists Buluguda W17 and Daguda W15 as group names of Nanda (W14). However, according to Blevins (2001:2), Buluguda and Daguda are likely local groups of Malgana W18. However, the identity of both Amangu W12 and Watjanti W14 is somewhat uncertain. The South West Aboriginal Land and Sea Council's Kaartdijin Noongar page lists Amangu as a 'Noongar dialectical group'. Most sources consider Amangu to be related to Nhanda, but Nhanhagardi A93, which is equated with Amangu by several sources (including Blevins), is treated as a dialect of Noongar / Nyungar W41 by Douglas (1976). Douglas (1981) also says that, based on his comparison of the data supplied in Curr, Watjanti W13 is clearly closely related to Watjarri A39.
References

Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia: Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Douglas, Wilfrid H. 1976. The Aboriginal languages of the south-west of Australia, 2nd edition: Australian Aboriginal Studies, Research and Regional Studies 9. Canberra: AIAS.
Douglas, Wilfrid. 1981. Watjarri. In Handbook of Australian languages, Vol. 2, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 196-272. Canberra: ANU Press.
Gratte, Stan. 1990. Letter, 1990 November 5, Wonthella, W.A., to Grace Koch. (PMS 4878)
Gratte, Stan. 1998. Aborigines of the Geraldton and Murchison districts. Vol. 1, Coastal, ms. (MS 4134).
Gratte, Stan. 2007. Letter and enclosure of two maps relating to Nowkadja language. (PMS 5968).
Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Status
Confirmed
Location
State
WA
Location information
Nhanda was spoken in and around the mouth of the Murchison River, north to Gee Gie Outcamp and inland along the Murchison ... possibly from as far south as the Hill River, through Champion Bay, and up to the sandplains north of the Murchison River ... extends north towards Tamala Statioin, and East along the Murchison to the bend at Coolcalalya (Blevins 2001:3, 5).
Maps
-
Catalogue
Search MURA the AIATSIS catalogue, for items about this language
Speakers
Speaker table
Speaker NILS table
1-19 years20-39 years40-59 years60+
0002
NILS endangerment grade
0
Documentation
Document Score: 
8
Documentation table: 
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listSmall (20-100 pages)2
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualMore than 103
Manuscript Note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30 Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Dictionary: 
Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30 Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Juliette Blevins, Doug Marmion, Irra Wangga - Geraldton Language Programme (formally Yamaji Language Centre)
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Classification
Classification table: 
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestYinggardaYinggarda [Nhanda]Yinggarda [dialects: Related to Malgana which is extinct, Nhanda which is nearly extinct (handful of speakers, Blevins 1995), and Bulinya which may be extinct.]
Dixon (2002)MOORE RIVER TO GASCOYNE RIVER GROUPNhantaNhanta Blevins (2001) further dialects: Watchandi, Amangu
Wurm (1994)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestNhanda
Walsh (1981)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestKarduNhanda
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)KarduNanda
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)KarduNanda
O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouthwestKarduNanda