W13: Watjanti

AIATSIS code: 
W13
AIATSIS reference name: 
Watjanti

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Nhanta (Watjanti), Kalaamaya (Watjanmay)
Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Nanda (Watjandi)
Thesaurus heading language
Watjanti language W13
Thesaurus heading (old)
Watjanti language (W13) (WA SG50-13)
Tindale (1974)
Jau (['jo] = no), Yau, Eaw (J. Forrest, note in British Museum), Watjandi (['watju] = west), Watchandi, Watchandie, Buluguda (horde and place name), Bulgulu, Tamala (horde and place name), Daguda (horde).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Watchandi
Glottocode
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Other sources
Watchandi, Wadjandi, Wadyandi, Watchandie, Watjandee, Watjanmay, Watjandi, Watjanti, Wattandee, Wattandi [Blevins 2001:2]
Synonyms
Watchandi, Nhanta, Kalaamaya, Watjanmay, Eaw, Galamaia, Jabururru, Jawan, Kalamaia, Kelamai, Natingero, Takalako, Yabro, Wadjandi, Watchandie, Watjandi, Nanda, Wadyandi, Watjandee, Wattandee, Wattandi, Jau, Yau, Buluguda, Bulgulu, Tamala, Daguda
Comment
Comments: 
The identity of Watjanti is uncertain. It has been linked to Nhanda / Nanda W14, Malgana W18 and Wadjarri A39. According to Blevins (2001:3), this is the central dialect of Nhanda W14, while Tindale (1974) lists Watjandi / Watchandi / Watchandie (W13) as alternative names for Nhanda. O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966:37) link Watjanti with Malgana W18, Targuda W15, Buluguda W17 and Damala W16 as dialects/communalects. Douglas (MS 1369:2) says the data on Watjandi (W13) in Curr is obviously closely related to Watjarri A39. He says the name Watjandi is not known by Watjarri A39 speakers in the Murchison today; they call the people at the sea end of the Murchison River either 'Wirlunyu' (Wirlunju) or 'Tja Urra'. In a subsequent publication, Douglas (1981) uses Tja Urra as a language name.
References: 
  • Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia: Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
  • Douglas, Wilfrid. 1979. Watjarri, a language spoken in the Murchison District of Western Australia: a brief description. (MS 1369)
  • Douglas, Wilfrid. 1981. Watjarri. In Handbook of Australian languages, Vol. 2, eds R. M. W. Dixon and B. J. Blake, 196-272. Canberra: ANU Press.
  • Gargett, Andrew. 2011. A salvage grammar of Malgana: the language of Shark Bay, Western Australia. Pacific Linguistics 624. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • O'Grady, G. N., C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
... in and around present day Port Gregory and Northampton north to the lower Murchison (Blevins 2001:3).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listLess than 20 pages1
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarSmall grammar (100-200 pages)3
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates)
Grammar: 

Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30 Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.

Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)MOORE RIVER TO GASCOYNE RIVER GROUPWatjarri/Parti-maya subgroup*WatchandiNhanta Blevins (2001) further dialects: Watchandi, Amangu
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)KarduWadjandi
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)KarduWatjandi
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)Pama-NyunganSouth-WestKarduWatjandi