W16: Damala

AIATSIS code: 
W16
AIATSIS reference name: 
Damala

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
Malkana (Damala/Tamala)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Nanda (Tamala)
Thesaurus heading language
Damala language W16
Thesaurus heading (old)
Damala language (W16) (WA SG49-12)
Tindale (1974)
Jau (['jo] = no), Yau, Eaw (J. Forrest, note in British Museum), Watjandi (['watju] = west), Watchandi, Watchandie, Buluguda (horde and place name), Bulgulu, Tamala (horde and place name), Daguda (horde).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Thaamala [Blevins 2001:2]
Synonyms
Malkana, Damala/Tamala, Buluguda, Daguda, Malgana, Tamala, Nanda, Thaamala, Jau, Yau, Eaw, Watjandi, Watchandi, Watchandie, Bulgulu
Comment
Comments: 
Tindale (1974) lists Tamala (W16) as an alternative name of Nanda W14 and says that it is a people and place name. O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966:37) group Damala with Malgana W18, Targuda/Daguda W15, Buluguda W17 and Watjanti W13 as communalects. Gargett (2011:2-3) ventures that they are likely groups of Malgana, the names referring to locations rather than distinct groups, but he cautions that more evidence is needed to substantiate this claim. Addressing Tindale's (1974) analysis of Damala, Buluguda and Daguda being groups of Nhanda, Blevins (2001) - supplying their respective variant spellings Thaamala, Bulugurda and Thaagurda - says that they are likely 'local groups of Malgana' and that this view is supported by Nhanda people in the Northhampton area.
References: 
  • Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia: Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
  • Capell, Arthur. 1963. Linguistic survey of Australia. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  • Gargett, Andrew. 2011. A salvage grammar of Malgana: the language of Shark Bay, Western Australia. Pacific Linguistics 624. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Oates, William J., and Lynette F. Oates. 1970. A revised linguistic survey of Australia: Australian Aboriginal Studies 33, Linguistic Series 12. Canberra: AIAS.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • O'Grady, G. N., C. F. Voegelin and F. M. Voegelin. 1966. Languages of the world: Indo-Pacific fascicle six. Anthropological Linguistics 8(2).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Unconfirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 
Edel Land Peninsula, Tahmahlee Well, WA. (Oates & Oates 1970:58).
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available (Bates-unclear status)
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)Pama-NyunganPilbara-Nyungar (Southwest)KarduDamala
Wurm (1972)Pama-NyunganSouthwest (or Nyungic)KarduTamala
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)