W15: Thaagurda

AIATSIS code: 
W15
AIATSIS reference name: 
Thaagurda

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Name
Thesaurus heading language
Thesaurus heading people
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
Malkana (Daguda)
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Nanda (Daguda)
Tindale (1974)
Jau (['jo] = no), Yau, Eaw (J. Forrest, note in British Museum), Watjandi (['watju] = west), Watchandi, Watchandie, Buluguda (horde and place name), Bulgulu, Tamala (horde and place name), Daguda (horde).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Thaagurda, Thaawurda (Nhanda's name) [Marmion 2007 p.c.] Thagurda, Dawurda, Thawurda [Elefsiniotis 2008 p.c.] Targuda (O'Grady, Voegelin & Voegelin 1966) [Gargett 2011:2]
Synonyms
Malkana, Buluguda, Damala, Malgana, Tamala, Dagurda, Nanda, Thaagurda, Thaawurda, Takurda, Jau, Yau, Eaw, Watjandi, Watchandi, Watchandie, Bulgulu
Comment
Comments: 

Tindale includes Buluguda (Bulugurda W17), Damala W16 (Thaamala) and Daguda (Thaagurda W15) as local groups of Nhanda W14 in the Hamelin Pool area. Blevins points out that the ending -gurda is a Malgana W18 comitative suffix, and given their location Buluguda and Daguda are likely local groups of Malgana. This is supported by Nhanda people in the Northhampton area, who refer to these groups as Malgana (in Blevins, 2001: 2-3).

According to Marmion (2007 p.c.) Thaagurda (W15) appears to be a distinct language, for although there is only a very small amount of data (word list of around 20 entries and several phrases), it looks sufficiently different from other languages of the region.

Von Brandenstein (1966:1) says that Taakurda (W15), a language that he has recorded and transcribed (1974 and PMS 2123), is also called Nugan and is related to Marlgana W18.

Gargett (2011:2-3) ventures that Daguda along with Buluguda W17 and Damala W16 were likely groups of Malgana, the names referring to locations rather than distinct groups, but he cautions that more evidence is needed to substantiate this claim.

 

References: 
  • Blevins, Juliette. 2001. Nhanda: an Aboriginal language of Western Australia: Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications, no. 30. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1966. Interim report (1) [to A.I.A.S.] on field work NW-WA 6.6.1966-30.6.1966. (PMS 2124)
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1968. Field tapes nos. 3-13: contents. (PMS 2123)
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1974. Taruru: Aboriginal song poetry from the Pilbara. Adelaide: Rigby. (L 060.081/1)
  • Gargett, Andrew. 2011. A salvage grammar of Malgana: the language of Shark Bay, Western Australia. Pacific Linguistics 624. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Thieberger, Nicholas. 1993. Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal languages south of the Kimberley region: Pacific Linguistics C-124. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Potential data
Location
State / Territory: 
-
Location information: 

Middle Murchison River the S.E. border, Hamelin Pool area, south part of Shark's Bay (Oates 1975:83). Yallalong station would also have been Thaagurda country, and it seems to have extended down to (near?) Galena, where the highway crosses the Murchison River (Marmion 2007 p.c.).

Maps: 
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Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Irra Wangga - Geraldton Language Programme (formally Yamaji Language Centre)
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual Less than 1 1
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
-
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)          
Dixon (2002)          
Wurm (1994)          
Walsh (1981)          
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Pilbara-Nyungar (Southwest) Kardu Dagurda  
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Kardu Takurda  
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)