W52: Nokaan

AIATSIS code: 
W52
AIATSIS reference name: 
Nokaan

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
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ISO 639-3 code
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Tindale name
Nokaan
Thesaurus heading language
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Thesaurus heading (old)
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Tindale (1974)
Noga:n (as spoken by Malgana people), Nagadja (eastern people, general term applied by Amangu to circumcised people east of Geraldton), Nagodja (pronunciation of a Wadjari man), Ngadja, Akadja, Akady, Akadi, Wiludjanu (language name given by Wadjari, means 'western talk').
O'Grady et al (1966)
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Glottocode
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Other sources
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Synonyms
Noga:n, Nagadja, Nagodja, Ngadja, Akadja, Akady, Akadi, Wiludjanu
Comment
Comments: 
Nugan appears to be a variant form of Tindale's Nokaan. Tindale says the language spoken by the Nokaan people was called Wiludjanu, a name attributed by the Wadjari A39. Nugan and Wiludjanu may refer to the same language variety. However, it is impossible to be sure: besides Tindale, there is no information about the name Wiludjanu and, according to the WA Handbook, von Brandenstein (p.c.) reports the last speaker of Nugan dying in 1967. Nokaan, Nugan and Nhugarn (the latter treated separately in this database as A71) are likely to be variant spellings of the same name. The location given for Nhugarn A71 by Marmion (1996) largely matches that described for Nokaan in Tindale (1974). Von Brandenstein (1974) presents transcriptions of recordings which he identifies as 'Nugan' but also links to the name Taakurda W15. His 1966 manuscript explains that Nugan is an alternative name for Taakurda W15. Though Nhugarn is identified as a dialect of Wajarri A39 in Marmion (1996), Marmion (2007 p.c.) notes that there is little language data available and its identity with respect to Daguda W15 is uncertain. Nhugarn, Nugan and Nokaan are grouped under the same heading (A71) in the Thesaurus. Documentation for Daguda W15 and Wajarri A39 may be relevant.
References: 
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von & A. Thomas. 1974. Taruru: Aboriginal song poetry from the Pilbara. Adelaide: Rigby.
  • Brandenstein, Carl G. von. 1966. Interim report (1) [to A.I.A.S.] on field work NW-WA 6.6.1966-30.6.1966. (PMS 2124)
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Thieberger, Nicholas. 1993. Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal languages south of the Kimberley region: Pacific Linguistics C-124. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Status: 
Potential no data
Location
State / Territory: 
WA
Location information: 
From Curbur south on the plateau country west of the Murchison to Yallalong and Coolcalaya; south to the inland vicinity of Northampton; they only extended to the coast in earliest contact times (Tindale 1974). Middle Murchison River, latest centre Yallalong, NW as far as Hamelin Pool (von Brandenstein in WA Handbook).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
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Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
TypeDocumentation StatusDocumentation Score
Word listNone0
Text CollectionNone0
GrammarNone0
Audio-visualNone0
Manuscript note: 
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Grammar: 
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Dictionary: 
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Classification
SourceFamilyGroupSub-groupNameRelationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975)
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)