Y65: Aghu Tharnggala

AIATSIS code: 
Y65
AIATSIS reference name: 
Aghu Tharnggala

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Name
ABN name
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ABS name
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Horton name
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Ethnologue name
Aghu Tharnggalu
ISO 639-3 code
ggr
Tindale name
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Thesaurus heading language
Aghu Tharnggala language Y65
Thesaurus heading (old)
Aghu-Tharnggala language (Y65) (Qld SD54-12)
Tindale (1974)
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
aghu1254
Other sources
Aghu-Tharrnggala [Alpher 2006. p.c.] Koko Butterfly [Rigsby 2007 p.c.] Agu Anhyenga, Freshwater Sardine Language [Rigsby 2007 p.c.]
Synonyms
Aghu Tharrnggala, Aghu Tharnggalu, Aghu, Agu Tarnggele, Aku Danggela, Darnggele, Darnggelle, Aghu Tharnggal, Aghu Tharnggalai
Comment
Comments: 
According to Jolly (1989), Aghu Tharrnggala (Y65) is related to Rarmul Y71 and Kuku Thaypan Y84, noting that Rigsby (1976:68) compared them and found them to be 'related but distinct languages'. Jolly (1989:10) cites a speaker of Aghu-Tharnggala who says that the language belongs to the /me:yu?l??/ or 'butterfly' people. Aghu Tharrnggala (Y65) is classified as belonging to the Alaya-Athima language group, a set of initial-dropping languages not closely related to others of this type in the area. Alpher describes them in regional blocks, with Aghu Tharrnggala located in the northern end near the Hann River. Other members of this group include Awu Alaya (Kuku Thaypan) Y84; Awu Arungu / Awu Alwang / Agu Aloja Y219; Ogh Alungul Y199; Kuku Mini Y94; Ogh Angkula 197; Ikarranggal Y198; Takalak Y125; Ogh Awarrangg Y201; Ongunyjan Y206; Kokiny Y188; Athima Y237 (2016:41-42).
References: 
  • Jolly, Lesley. 1989. Aghu Tharrnggala: a language of the Princess Charlotte Bay region of Cape York Peninsula, University of Queensland: BA (Hons). (MS 2768).
  • Rigsby, Bruce. 2005. The languages of eastern Cape York Peninsula and linguistic anthropology. In Donald Thomson : the man and scholar, Bruce Rigsby and Nicolas Peterson (eds). Canberra : Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia with support from Museum Victoria.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
In sum, the evidence suggests there is an area of land owned by the Tharrnggala-speaking butterfly patriclan in the headwaters of the Hann/Morehead river system (Jolly 1989:15).
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
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People: 
Ken Hale, Lesley Jolly,
Indigenous organisations: 
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Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate0
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Less than 20 pages 1
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar Small grammar (100-200 pages) 3
Audio-visual 1-10 2
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Jolly, Lesley. 1989. Aghu Tharrnggala: a language of the Princess Charlotte Bay region of Cape York Peninsula, University of Queensland: BA (Hons).

Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Paman Rarmul Pama Aghu Tharnggalu
Dixon (2002) SOUTH-EAST CAPE YORK PENINSULA GROUP Thaypan/Mini subgroup Aghu Tharrnggala Kuku-Mini* Jolly (1989) further dialects include (or some may be separate languages): Koko-Possum/Alngula, Ikarranggal, Aghu Tharrnggala
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Paman Ahgu-Tharnggala
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Paman Rarmul Pama Aghu-Tharnggala
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Rarmulic Pama Aghu Tharnggala
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Central Pama Aghu Tharnggalai
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Pama-Maric Southern Pama Aghu Tharnggala