Y84: Kuku Thaypan

AIATSIS code: 
Y84
AIATSIS reference name: 
Kuku Thaypan

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
Thaypan
ISO 639-3 code
typ
Tindale name
Laia
Thesaurus heading language
Kuku Thaypan language Y84
Thesaurus heading (old)
Kuku Thaypan / Gugu Dhayban language (Y84) (Qld SD54-16)
Tindale (1974)
Koko Laia, Kokowara (Koko-jelandji term, means poor or bad speech), Coo-coo-warra.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
thay1248
Other sources
Wu-Laya, Laya, Awu-Alaya (Rigsby) [Alpher 2006.p.c.]
Synonyms
Thaypan, AghuLaia, AkuLaia, Ambaram, Angandjan, Arlga, Awurangung, BarimanCutinma, Bariman Cudhinma, Barimangudinma, Barinangndinma, Barinman Guthinma, Cocobathan, Coo coo warra, Daiban, Gugu Dhayban, Jadeneni, Jeteneru, Jetieneru, Koko Laia, Kokowara, Koogabatha, Kookoobathy, Kuku Taipan, Laia, Ompindamo, Owynggan, Parimankutinma, Parinman Gutinma, Purangunuma, Taipan, Taypan, Wurangung, Yadaneru, Yananeru, Dhayban, Wu Laya, Laya, Awu Alaya, Awu-Laya
Comment
Comments: 
Awu Alaya / Kuku Thaypan (Y84) 'the language of the Taipan snake' is also called Kuku Yawa Y74 (Possum language) and Kuku Warra (Bad or Difficult/Strange language) by neighbouring clans and consists of regional varieties including Awu Arangung Y66 or Kuuku Purrungunuma (Hollow Log language); Awu Alwang or Alwangara Y71 (Goose language); Agu Atharrnggala Y65 (Freshwater Sardine language); and Agu Aloja Y219 (Sugarbag Bee language) (Rigsby in Schmidt 2005:6). Alpher classifies Awu Alaya (Y84) as belonging to the Alaya-Athima language group, a set of initial-dropping languages not closely related to others of this type in the area. Alpher describes them in regional blocks, with Awu Alaya located in the north-eastern end near Saltwater Creek and the Morehead River. Other members of this group include Aghu Tharrnggala Y65; Awu Arungu / Awu Alwang / Agu Aloja Y219; Ogh Alungul Y199; Kuku Mini Y94, Ogh Angkula 197; Ikarranggal Y198; Takalak Y125; Ogh Awarrangg Y201; Ongunyjan Y206; Kokiny Y188; Athima Y237. Alpher speculates that this group is in turn related to Kuku Yalanji Y78 (2016:39-42).
References: 
  • Alpher, Barry. 2016. Connecting Thaypanic. In Verstraete, Jean-Christophe and Diane Hafner (eds) Land and language in Cape York Peninsula and the Gulf Country. Amsterdam ; Philadelphia : John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Oates, Lynette F. 1975. The 1973 supplement to a revised linguistic survey of Australia. Armidale: Armidale Christian Book Centre.
  • Roth, Walter Edmund. 1898. Social and individual nomenclature among certain North Queensland Aborigines. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 13:39-50.
  • Schmidt, Erica. 2005. The Verbal System in Awu Alaya, a Thaypanic Language of the Cape York Peninsula. Department of Linguistics and Applied Linguistics, University of Melbourne: BA (Hons). (MS 4442).
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
QLD
Location information: 
Thaypan people and language were down off the range to its north in the Saltwater Creek and Morehead River drainages (Rigsby 2007 p.c.) The country of the Thaypanic people includes the Princess Charlotte Bay hinterland, extending from around New Bamboo, Violet Vale, and Musgrave Station in the west, to the Normanby and Laura Rivers in the east, to around Laura in the southeast, inlcuding much of present-day Lakefield National Park (Rigsby in Schmidt 2005:6)
Maps: 
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Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
A documentation project funded by Hans Rausing Endangered Languages Project is carried out from December 2006 to December 2009 (http://wwwling.arts.kuleuven.be/fll/hrelp/).
People: 
Bruce Rigsby, Ang-Gnarra Aboriginal Corporation
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oatesexist
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate2
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list None 0
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Sketch grammar (less than 100 pages) 2
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 

Schmidt, Erica. 2005. The verbal system in Awu Alaya, a Thaypanic language of the Cape York peninsula, University of Melbourne: BA (Hons).

Dictionary: 
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Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan Paman Rarmul Pama Thaypan Thaypan [dialects: Related to Takalak]
Dixon (2002) SOUTH-EAST CAPE YORK PENINSULA GROUP Thaypan/Mini subgroup Kuku-Thaypan Kuku-Thaypan* possible further dialect: Koko-Rarmul
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan Paman Thaypan
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan Paman Rarmul Pama Thaypan
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Rarmulic Pama Dhayban
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)