C5: Antikarinya

AIATSIS code: 
C5
AIATSIS reference name: 
Antikarinya

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
Antikarinya
Horton name
Antakarinja
Ethnologue name
Antakarinya
ISO 639-3 code
ant
Tindale name
Antakirinja
Thesaurus heading language
Antikirinya language C5
Thesaurus heading (old)
Antakirinya / Antikirinya / Antakarinja language (C5) (SA SG53-14)
Tindale (1974)
Antakarinja, Antakerinya, Antakerrinya, Andagirinja, Andagarinja, Andekerinja (Aranda pronunciation), Andekarinja, Antekarinja, Andigarinya, Andigirinji, Antin-gari, Andigari, Andgari, Andegilliga, Andigarina, Antigari, Andigiri, Anjirigna, Anterrikanya, Antegarinya, Antakerrinya, Antigerinya, Andjirigna, Unterrgerrie (MS), Untergerrie, Aldolinga (i.e., Westerners), Ngonde, Tangara, Yandairunga, Njuntundjara (name applied by Jangkundjara), Walarangunja (horde name in eastern part of Everard Ranges), Walarenunga, Kadjilaranda (horde name north of eastern Everard Ranges), Aluna (language name of the southern hordes who speak like the Kokata).
O'Grady et al (1966)
Andagirinja, Antakerrinya, Andekarinja, Antekarinja, Andrgrinji, Andigarina, Andingiri, Antigerinya, Andjiringna, Unterrgerrie, Tangara, Yandairunga, Mbenderinga, Madutara, Aldolinga, Andekerinja
Glottocode
anta1253
Other sources
-
Synonyms
Antikarinya, Antakarinya, Antakarinja, Andagirinja, Aldolinga, Alinjerra, Aluna Aluna, Andagarindja, Andagarinja, Andakirinja, Andayarinja, Andegilliga, Andekarinja, Andekerinja, Andgari, Andigari, Andigarina, Andigarinya, Andigidini, Andigiri, Andigirinji, Andigiriny, Andingari, Andjirigna, Andjiringna, Andongerry, Andrgrinji, Andugarinja, Anjirigna, Antakerinya, Antakerrinya, Antakirinha, Antakirinja, Antegarinya, Antekarinja, Anterrikanya, Antigari, Antigerinya, Antingari, Antingerrie, Gunmarang, Kadjilaranda, Maduntara, Madutara, Maiuladjara, Maiulatara, Manangari, Matjutu, Matuntara, Matutara, Mau, Maung, Mauung, Mbenderinga, Mularatara, Ngonde, Njuntundjara, Southern Loritja, Tangara, Untergerrie, Unterrgerrie, Walarangunja, Walarenunga, Yandairunga, Yanido, Andingiri, Andagarinya, Antin gari, Aluna
Comment
Comments: 
Antakirinya belongs to the Western Desert A80 language family. The Mobile Language Team describes Antakirinya as a highly endangered closely related variety of Yankunytjatjara C4 .
References: 
  • Tindale, Norman B. 1974. Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits, and proper names. Berkeley: University of California Press/Canberra: Australian National University Press.
  • Brown, Bobby & Petter Naessan. 2012. Irritja - The Past: Antikirinya History from Ingomar Station and Beyond. Southport, Queensland: Keeaira Press.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
SA
Location information: 
Headwaters of Hamilton, Alberga, Wintinna, and Lora rivers north to Kulgera in central Australia; south to Mount Willoughby, Arckaringa, and the Stuart Range north of Coober Pedy which is in Kokata country Tindale 1974). Antikirinya country lies in the far north west of the state of South Australia, between the closely related Yankunytjatjara language to the west and the Arabana language to the east. It lies north of the Kokatha language. Today, Antikirinya people live particularly around Cooper Pedy and Oodnadatta.
Maps: 
  • Tindale, Norman. 1974. Tribal boundaries in Aboriginal Australia. Canberra: Division of National Mapping, Department of National Development.
  • Hercus, Luise. 1994. A grammar of the Arabana-Wangkangurru language, Lake Eyre Basin, South Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
Catalogue
Links
Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981): 

Widi (A13 ) in Sourcebook for Central Australian Languages (1981).

Antikirinya

Names of the language and different spellings that have been used:
Andagarinja (Hercus), Andagirinja (AC,AIAS), Andigerri (Johnson & Cleland), Antakerrinya (Howitt),
Antakirinja (T), Antigerinya (Elkin), Antikiri (Douglas, Hercus), Antikirrinya (Klokeid), Ankuntjatjara (Douglas), Yandairunga (Herrman), Yendakarangu (Herrmann)
Classification of the language:
Western Desert Group, Wati subgroup
Identification codes:
Oates '73: 56.7a
AIAS: C5
Capell: C4
Present number and distribution of speakers:
At least a hundred speakers living at Port Augusta and Indulkana (Hercus, Oates 1973). Traditionally, from Oodnadatta west to Everard Ranges (Elkin).
Black, 1979 -- 500
People who have worked intensively on the language:
Karl Rensch, ANU may be continuing.
Practical orthography:
None established; a Western Desert orthography is probably suitable.
Word lists:
Klokeid, Douglas (?)
Grammar or sketch grammar:
None.
Material available on the language:
Breen, J.G. Antikirinya field notes. (brief, half-hour tape-recording).
Douglas, W.H. (Antikiri texts, word list).
---------- 1964. An Introduction to the Western Desert Language. Oceania Linguistic Monographs No. 4. (Revised). Sydney: Oceania (University of Sydney). (comparison of several dialects in appendix, incl. vocabs.)
Hale, Kenneth L. 1960(?). Antikirinya field notes. (See Parrish, 1980).
Hercus, Luise A. Work on Aboriginal languages. Dec 65 - Apr 66. [Report to AIAS.]
Howitt, A.W. (Notes). In his Papers, Box 3, folder 1, paper 4. Antakerrinya tribe at Charlotte Waters; various groups of dialect words.
Klokeid, T.J. 1967. Antakirinya. (Antakarinya?) 22p. ms. AIAS. (transcription of tapes, texts)
Parrish, Lucy. 1980. Antikirinya word list. (based on field notes by Ken Hale). 15p. ts. IAD.
Literacy material:
None.

Kathy Menning (comp.) and David Nash (ed.) 1981. © IAD Press

AIATSIS gratefully acknowledges IAD Press for permission to use this material in AUSTLANG.

Programs
Activities: 
Mobile Language Team https://www.mobilelanguageteam.com.au/antikirinya
People: 
Catherine Ellis, Terry Klokeid, Hale & O'Grady, Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS200+
2005Estimate200
2006Census6
2011Census5
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Small (20-100 pages) 2
Text Collection Small (20-100 pages) 2
Grammar None 0
Audio-visual More than 10 3
Manuscript note: 
tape transcription/field note available
Grammar: 
-
Dictionary: 
University of Adelaide. 1969. Andagarinja/English word list, ms.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati Antakarinya Antakarinya [dialects: Closest to Warnman and Western Desert Language]
Dixon (2002)
Wurm (1994) Pama-Nyungan South-West Andagarinya
Walsh (1981) Pama-Nyungan South-West Wati/Western Desert Andagarinya
Oates (1975) Pama-Nyungan Western Desert Proper Wati Andagirinja
Wurm (1972) Pama-Nyungan Southwest (or Nyungic) Western Desert Language Antakirinya
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966) Pama-Nyungan Southwest Wati Antakirinya