D11: Pulaali

AIATSIS code: 
D11
AIATSIS reference name: 
Pulaali

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Name
ABN name
-
ABS name
-
Horton name
-
Ethnologue name
-
ISO 639-3 code
-
Tindale name
Maljangapa (Bulali), Wiljakali (Bulali)
Thesaurus heading language
Pulaali language D11
Thesaurus heading (old)
Bolali language (D11) (NSW SH54-16)
Tindale (1974)
Maljangaba, Malya-napa, Mulya-napa, Mulya-nappa, Milya-uppa, Mullia-arpa, Muliaarpa, Malynapa, Malja:pa, Malyapa, Maljangaba, Nalyanapa (perhaps typographical error), Malgangara (? lapsus calami), Karikari (['kari] = yes), Bulalli, Bulali (means 'Hill People'; ['bula] = hill, a general term) for Maljangapa. Wilyakali, Wiljali, Wiljagali, ? Willoo, Bo-arli, Bulali ('Hill people' ['bula] = hill, a general term) for Wiljakali.
O'Grady et al (1966)
Glottocode
-
Other sources
Pulaali, Pulakali [Wafer & Lissarrague 2008:263] Bula-ali [Hercus & Austin 2004:208]
Synonyms
Paakantyi, Bulaali, Bulalli, Bolali, Maljangapa, Wiljakali, Pulaali, Pulakali, Maljangaba, Malya napa, Mulya napa, Mulya nappa, Milya uppa, Mullia arpa, Muliaarpa, Malynapa, Malja:pa, Malyapa, Nalyanapa, Malgangara, Karikari, Bulali for Maljangapa, Wilyakali, Wiljali, Wiljagali, Willoo, Bo arli, Bulali for Wiljakali
Comment
Comments: 
The spelling Pulaali is adopted from Wafer and Lissarrague (2008:265). Hercus (2006 p.c.) considers Bulali (D11) a subdivision of Wiyakali D13, which is a dialect of Paakantyi D12. However, Hercus previously treated Bulali as part of Thangkali D14 and there appears to be no evidence to support Bulali as part of Wiyakali. Tindale (1974) lists Bulali (D11) as an alternative name for both Wiljakali D13 and Maljangapa L8. Note that Hercus's Paakantyi grammar and dictionary is mainly on Southern Paakantyi D61.
References: 
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: the author.
  • Hercus, Luise Anna. 1994. Paakantyi. In N. Thieberger & W. McGregor (eds), Macquarie Aboriginal words: a dictionary of words from Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. North Ryde: Macquarie Library.
  • Wafer, Jim, and Amanda Lissarrague. 2008. A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Nambucca Heads: Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Co-operative.
Status: 
Confirmed
Location
State / Territory: 
NSW
Location information: 
Barrier Range (Hercus 1993:10)
Maps: 
-
Catalogue
Links
Programs
Activities: 
-
People: 
Luise Hercus
Indigenous organisations: 
-
Speakers
Year Source Speaker numbers
1975Oates-
1984Senate-
1990Schmidt-
1996Census-
2001Census-
2004NILS-
2005Estimate-
2006Census-
2011Census-
2016Census-

Speaker numbers were measured differently across the censuses and various other sources listed in AUSTLANG. You are encouraged to refer to the sources.

Speaker numbers for ‘NILS 2004’ and ‘2005 estimate’ come from 'Table F.3: Numbers of speakers of Australian Indigenous languages (various surveys)' in 'Appendix F NILS endangerment and absolute number results' in McConvell, Marmion and McNicol 2005, pages 198-230 (PDF, 2.5MB).

Documentation
Type Documentation Status Documentation Score
Word list Medium (100-200 pages) 3
Text Collection None 0
Grammar Large grammar (more than 200 pages) 4
Audio-visual None 0
Manuscript note: 
not available
Grammar: 

Hercus, Luise. 1982. The Bagandji language: Pacific Linguistics B6.7 Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.

Dictionary: 
Hercus, Luise. 1993. Paakantyi dictionary. Canberra: Luise Hercus.
Classification
Source Family Group Sub-group Name Relationship
Ethnologue (2005)
Dixon (2002) Bulaali Baagandji Hercus (1982) further dialects: Gurnu (Guula), Naualko, Baarrundji, Wiljaali, Dhanggaali, Bulaali, WanjubarIgu, Bandjigali, Barrindji, Marrawarra (Marawara, Maraura)
Wurm (1994)
Walsh (1981)
Oates (1975) Unclassified Bolali
Wurm (1972)
O'Grady, Voegelin and Voegelin (1966)